Microfabrication, sensor systems, optical devices & applications, medical instrumentation, patent litigation support
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
| Phone: (206) 227-9919
Columbia University 1969 PhD
Columbia University 1966 MS
Columbia University 1965 BS
Dr. Afromowitz was the senior professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, when he retired at the end of 2015. He had been doing research and teaching there since 1974.
Prior to his academic career, he was a Member of the Technical Staff at the Murray Hill (NJ) Bell Telephone Laboratories, working in the groups developing the first visible light red and green light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and the GaAs heterostructure laser. His work at Bell Labs was primarily involved with materials characterization (optical, thermal, lattice matching, etc.)
Prof. Afromowitz taught both undergraduate and graduate students, including courses in circuits, electricity & magnetism, integrated circuit fabrication, optical fiber theory and applications, semiconductor optical properties and devices, and a seminar on professional issues (career choices, personal & corporate ethics, and intellectual property.) He holds thirteen patents in the general areas of optical sensors and photolithography. As a consultant to industry, he has worked on optical fiber sensors for acceleration, pressure, temperature, electric field, pH, physical measurements of gases, including flow, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, and viscosity. He also developed an optical fiber sensor for monitoring the curing of thermoset resins. Other research interests include infrared imaging, three-dimensional lithography, microfluidics, and methods for infrared sensing of conditions inside coal- fired boilers to improve control and efficiency. As an expert witness, he has supported patent litigation in a range of semiconductor fabrication technologies.
For three years, he served as a member of the Board of Directors of Enertechnix, Inc.
Specific Areas of Expertise
|Electrical Engineering||Lasers, Optics & Devices||Bio/Med Engineering|
|Sensors and Sensing Systems
IC Chip Fabrication
Patent Litigation Support
|Fiber Optics, Micro-Optics
Laser Safety / Forensics
Ultrasonics / Phaco
NIH Research Career Development Award, 8/77 - 7/82
Inductee, Space Technology Hall of Fame, "Accelerometer", 1999.
Three-dimensional microfabrication technologies, specifically for micro- optic and microfluidic applications; sensors; laser applications; and bio- medical instrumentation, including spectroscopy and ultrasonics.
“Ion-Sensitive Electrode and Processes for Making the Same,” M. A. Afromowitz and S. S. Yee; U.S. Patent #4,133,735 issued 1/9/79.
“Inclinometer Having Two Degrees of Freedom,” M. A. Afromowitz; U.S. Patent #4,627,172 issued 12/9/86.
“Apparatus and Method for Measuring Electric Field,” M. A. Afromowitz; U.S. Patent #4,730,109 issued 3/8/88.
“Method of Monitoring Solidification of a Liquid Composition,” M. A. Afromowitz; U.S. Patent #4,904,080 issued 2/27/90.
“Method of Monitoring Solidification of a Liquid Composition,” M. A. Afromowitz; U.S. Patent #5,009,102 issued 4/ 23/91.
“Apparatus and Method for Determining Physiologic Characteristics of Body Lumens,” M. A. Afromowitz, Roger A. Wolthuis, and Gordon Mitchell; U.S. Patent #5,275,169 issued 1/4/94.
“Micropumps with Fixed Valves,” F. K. Forster, R. L. Bardell, A. P. Blanchard, M. A. Afromowitz and N. R. Sharma; U.S. Patent #5,876,187 issued 3/2/99.
“Processes for Fabricating 3-D Structures with Smoothly-Varying Topographic Features in Photo-Sensitized Epoxy Resists,” M. A. Afromowitz; U.S. Patent #6,635,412 issued 10/21/03.
“Sensing System for Detection and Control of Deposition on Pendant Tubes in Recovery and Power Boilers,” G. Kychakoff, M. A. Afromowitz and R. E. Hogle; U.S. Patent #6,909,816 issued 6/21/05.
“Fabrication of Molds and Mold Components using a Photolithographic Technique and Structures Made Therefrom,” M. A. Afromowitz; U.S. Patent #7,045,089 issued 5/16/06.
“3-D Structures with Smoothly-Varying Topographical Features in Photo-Sensitive Epoxy Resists,” M. A. Afromowitz; U.S. Patent #7,303,853 issued 12/4/2007.
“Sensing System for Detection and Control of Deposition on Pendant Tubes in Recovery and Power Boilers,” G. Kychakoff, M. A. Afromowitz and R. E. Hogle; U.S. Patent #7,437,025 issued 10/14/08.
Expert Witness & Consulting (2004 –>)
* indicates recent testifying experience
Consultant to Preston, Gates & Ellis (San Francisco), on patent infringement case involving horizontal directional drilling equipment and methods (Tim Walker and Mike Bettinger, Esq., expert for Digital Control v. Charles Machine Works), 2004.
Consultant to Preston, Gates & Ellis (Seattle), on patent infringement case involving horizontal directional drilling equipment and methods (David Binney, Esq., expert for Digital Control v. Ridge Tool), 2004.
Consultant to Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld (Houston), on patent infringement case involving medical products for refractive surgery (Les Hewitt, Esq. for Bausch & Lomb), 2007.
Consultant to Kirkpatrick & Lockhart Preston Gates Ellis (San Francisco), on patent infringement case No. 3:06-cv-05701-RJB (Western District of Washington), expert for defendant, Wacom Co. Ltd, et al v. Hanvon Corporation et al (Tim Walker and Mike Bettinger, Esq.), 2008.
Consultant to Susman Godfrey (Seattle), on patent infringement case (Civil Action No. 2:07-CV-67, Eastern District of Texas, Marshall Division), expert for plaintiff, Positive Technologies Inc. v. Toshiba America Consumer Products, LLC, et al (Ian Crosby, Esq.), 2010.
Consultant to Collins Edmonds & Pogorzelski (Houston), for evaluation of patents involving micro-electro-mechanical systems (Henry Pogorzelski, Esq.), 2011 and 2012.
Consultant to Rickles Law Firm (Portland, OR), on an insurance matter concerning damage to semiconductor wafers due to faulty installation of processing equipment (Stephen Rickles, Esq.), 2011.
Consultant to Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc., on claim construction issues pertaining to electrical cable structures (Kathy Milam, Esq.), 2011 and 2012.
*Testifying witness for Covington & Burling (San Francisco) on ITC patent infringement case Inv. No. 337-TA-798, expert for Complainants, Samsung Electronics, et al v. Osram AG, et al (Ashley Miller, Esq., Jared Frisch, Esq., Michael Markman, Esq.), settled August 2012. Case involved fabrication of LEDs. Claim construction, expert reports, deposition, trial prep.
Consultant to Collins Edmonds & Pogorzelsky (Houston) on a patent infringement case, expert for plaintiff, Semiconductor Technologies LLC v. Micron Technology, Inc., et al (Henry Pogorzelsky, Esq.), settled May 2013. Case involved design and fabrication of MEMS accelerometer.
Consultant to Desmarais, LLP (New York) on a patent infringement case, 3:11-cv-05243-RS, Northern District of California, expert for defendant and counterclaim plaintiff in Sandisk v. Round Rock Research, LLC, settled in 2013. Case involved packaging of integrated circuits. Provided declaration re summary judgment.
Consultant to Desmarais, LLP (New York) on a patent infringement case, expert for plaintiff, Round Rock Research, LLC, v. Asus (Lauren Nowierski, Esq.), settled May 2014. Participated in claim construction discussions.
*Testifying witness for Desmarais, LLP (New York) on a patent infringement case, 1:11-CV-792-SLR, District of Delaware, expert for plaintiff, Intellectual Ventures I, LLC, et al v. Canon, Inc., et al (Alan Kellman, Esq.), verdict in favor of Intellectual Ventures on all matters, May 2014. Case involved design of CMOS image sensors. Expert reports, deposition, trial.
Consultant to Desmarais, LLP (New York) on a patent infringement case, expert for plaintiff, Intellectual Ventures, against Nikon, related to CMOS image sensor technology (settled December 2015).
Consultant to Radulescu, LLP (New York) on a patent infringement case, 2:14-cv-09466-ODW(Ex), Central District of California, expert for plaintiff, Seoul Semiconductor v. Curtis International Ltd., involving design and fabrication of LEDs and their use in back-lighting of LCDs, settled in 2015. Claim construction, declaration.
Consultant to Bragalone Conroy PC (Dallas) on one ongoing patent infringement case involving design of CMOS image sensors.