Close Professor of Electrical Engineering
Smart grids, integration of renewable energy, power system economics,
power system security, blackouts
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
Phone: (206) 543-2174
University of Wisconsin-Madison, PhD EE, 1985
University of Wisconsin-Madison, MSc EE 1980
Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Ingénieur Civil Mécanicien Electricien, (Electro-mechanical Engineer), 1979
Daniel S. Kirschen was appointed Close Professor of Electrical Engineering in 2011. From 1994 to 2010, he was Professor of Electrical Energy Systems and Head of the Electrical Energy and Power Systems research group at the University of Manchester (previously UMIST) in Great Britain. Prior to joining the academic world, he worked for Control Data Corporation and Siemens-Empros on the development of advanced application software for electric utilities.
When running a power system to supply electrical energy to homes and businesses, engineers strive to satisfy three objectives:
- Providing a reliable service
- Minimizing the cost of providing this energy
- Reducing the environmental impact of the system, in particular facilitating the use of renewable energy sources
Unfortunately, these objectives conflict: improving reliability increases costs and renewable energy sources affect reliability unless costly security measures are put in place. The main objective of my research is to develop techniques that achieve the optimal balance between these three essential goals. In particular, using advanced optimization techniques, my students and I explore how flexibility resources (such as demand-side participation, energy storage and agile generating units) should be deployed and operated. In my view, this is the essence of what has recently been called the "smart grid." In this respect, I am also working with colleagues who are specialists in communications, sensors and control to explore how these rapidly evolving technologies can be harnessed to help meet the objectives mentioned above.
While integrating these objectives is an important part of my work, I also do research on each of these topics taken separately. For example, my students and I have developed probabilistic techniques to assess the operational security of power systems. As part of this strand of work, we are exploring the complex mechanisms that lead to blackouts in large power systems. I have also studied electricity markets and written a widely used textbook on power system economics. The next challenge in this area is to develop mechanisms which will ensure that competitive electricity markets deliver sufficient investments to meet the evolving needs of the electricity supply system.
- Power and Energy Systems Analysis Lab
- Washington Center for Electrical Energy Systems (WAcees)
- Department of Energy ARPA-E - Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) grant for "Energy Positioning: Control and Economics"
Honors and Awards
|2010||Prize Paper Award, 11th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems|
|2009||IEEE Distinguished Lecturer||2007||Fellow of the IEEE|
|2006||Significant Reviewer, IEEE Power Engineering Society|
|1986||Technical Excellence Award, Control Data Corporation|
|1985||Bacon Fellow, University of Wisconsin - Madison|
|1984||Member of Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society|
|1983||First Prize Paper Award, Industrial Drives Committee, IEEE Industry Applications Society|
|1980||Vilas Fellow, University of Wisconsin - Madison|
|1979||Fellow, Belgian American Educational Foundation|
|2009||Guest Professor, Wuhan University, China|
|2007||Senior Research Fellow, Tsinghua University, China|
|1999||Tan Chin Tuan Fellow, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore|
Member of the Editorial Board, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
Member of the Editorial Board, Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation Magazine
Chair, IEEE Power and Energy Society, Computer and Analytical Methods Subcommittee, 2004-2009
Invited Lectures and Presentations
Tsinghua University, Shenzhen
|Invited speaker at the UK-China Workshop on Sustainable Development of Power Technology, organised by the British Consulate-General in Guangzhou|
Hong Kong University
|Invited lecture on demand-side participation in electricity markets|
|Invited speaker at the GRID conference organised by the European Commission|
|Invited speaker at a seminar on "Demand-Side Participation in Electricity Markets" organised by the "Société des Electriciens et Electroniciens" (in French)|
|Co-organiser of the exploratory workshop on "Mathematical Models for Electricity Markets" sponsored by the European Science Foundation|
University College, Dublin
|Invited presentation on blackouts|
Linköping University, Sweden
|Invited presentation at the CRIS International Workshop on Critical Information Infrastructures|
|Invited presentation on the Value of Lost Load at the INDES seminar organised by ECN|
|Invited speaker at the OXERA seminar "Trusting the Markets: Security of Supply in a Liberalised Energy Market"|
|Invited presentation on the electricity market in England and Wales at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology|
|Invited presentation at the Wisconsin Public Services Commission on the electricity market in England and Wales|
|Invited participant in the Korea/USA Joint Seminar on Expert Systems in Power Systems|
D S Kirschen, G Strbac, "Fundamentals of Power System Economics", John Wiley & Sons, April 2004. (Chinese translation published in 2007).
N Jenkins, R N Allan, P Crossley, D S Kirschen and G Strbac, "Embedded Generation", IEE Press, 2000. (French translation published by Dunod in 2008).
M Bilton, C Ramsay, M Leach, H Devine-Wright , P Devine-Wright , D S Kirschen "Domestic electricity consumption and demand-side participation: opportunities and challenges for the UK power system" Chapter 8 in Delivering a Low Carbon Electricity System: Technologies, Economics and Policy, M Grubb, T Jamasb and M G Pollitt (editors), Cambridge University Press, 2008.
D S Kirschen, "Expert Systems Applications in Energy Management Systems," chapter (28 pages) in the book Expert Systems Applications in Power Systems, T S Dillon and M A Laughton, editors, Prentice Hall, 1990.
Recent Papers in Scientific Journals
- M. Ortega-Vazquez, D S Kirschen, "Assessing the Impact of Wind Power Generation on Operating Costs", IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 1, No. 3, December 2010, pp. 295-301.
- J He, L Cheng, D S Kirschen, Y Sun, "Optimising the Balance between Security and Economy on a Probabilistic Basis", IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 4, No. 12, pp. 1275-1287, 2010, (DOI: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2010.0039)
- J He, Y Sun, D S Kirschen, C Singh, L Cheng "State space partitioning for composite power system reliability assessment," IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol.4, No. 7, pp. 780-792, July 2010.
- Qixin Chen, Chongqing Kang, Qing Xia, D S Kirschen, "Mechanism and Modeling Approach to Low-carbon Power Dispatch", Automation of Electric Power Systems, Vol. 34, No. 12, pp. 19-23, June 2010 (EI Index: 20102913085670).
- C J Zapata, D S Kirschen, M A Ríos, A Torres, "Modeling of Protective System Failures to Operate for Reliability Studies Using Stochastic Point Process," International Review of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 1, January-February 2010.
Selected Conference Papers
- N Y Dahlan, D S Kirschen and M A Ortega-Vazquez, "Investment Evaluation and Decision Making for Generating Company Under Uncertainty in Deregulated Industry Supply," 11th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Singapore, June 2010.
- J He, Y Sun, L Cheng, X Ye, D S Kirschen, "Fast and Accurate Online Short Term Reliability Assessment," 11th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Singapore, June 2010 (Prize paper award).
- C J Zapata, A Torres, D S Kirschen, M A Ríos, "A Method for Studying Loss of Component Scenarios in a Power System using Stochastic Point Processes," in Proceedings IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, Calgary, July 2009.
- C J Zapata, A Torres, D S Kirschen, M A Ríos, "Some Common Misconceptions about the Modeling of Repairable Components," in Proceedings IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, Calgary, July 2009.
- M Ortega-Vazquez, D S Kirschen, "Should the Spinning Reserve Procurement in Systems with Wind Power Generation be Deterministic or Probabilistic?" in Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and Supply, Nanjing, China.
- IEEE Power Engineering Task Force on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures, "Vulnerability Assessment for Cascading Failures in Electric Power Systems," in Proceedings of IEEE Power Systems Conference and Exhibition, March 2009, Seattle.
Current PhD Students (The University of Manchester)
Nofri Yenita Dahlan, Malaysia
Juan Ma, China
Matheos Panteli, Cyprus
Edmond Diouf, Senegal
Chomba Tumelo-Chakonta, Zambia
Graduated PhD Students
Chua-Liang Su, Malaysia
Miguel Ortega-Vazquez, Mexico
Yann Rebours, France
Maria Garcia, Spain
Dilan Jayaweera, Sri Lanka
Dusko Nedic, Serbia
Young Ho Kwon, Korea
Kung Jui Lee, Singapore
Tan Yun Tiam, Malaysia
Carlos Goyo Barrientos, Venezuela
Barnaby Pitt, United Kingdom
Dilcemar de Paiva Mendes, Brazil