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Daniel Kirschen


Daniel Kirschen
Close Professor of Electrical Engineering
Smart grids, integration of renewable energy, power system economics,
power system security, blackouts


EEB M326
Box 352500
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
Phone: (206) 543-2174
E-mail:

University of Wisconsin-Madison, PhD EE, 1985
University of Wisconsin-Madison, MSc EE 1980
Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Ingénieur Civil Mécanicien Electricien, (Electro-mechanical Engineer), 1979


Biosketch

Daniel S. Kirschen was appointed Close Professor of Electrical Engineering in 2011. From 1994 to 2010, he was Professor of Electrical Energy Systems and Head of the Electrical Energy and Power Systems research group at the University of Manchester (previously UMIST) in Great Britain. Prior to joining the academic world, he worked for Control Data Corporation and Siemens-Empros on the development of advanced application software for electric utilities.

Complete CV

Research Interests

When running a power system to supply electrical energy to homes and businesses, engineers strive to satisfy three objectives:

Unfortunately, these objectives conflict: improving reliability increases costs and renewable energy sources affect reliability unless costly security measures are put in place. The main objective of my research is to develop techniques that achieve the optimal balance between these three essential goals. In particular, using advanced optimization techniques, my students and I explore how flexibility resources (such as demand-side participation, energy storage and agile generating units) should be deployed and operated. In my view, this is the essence of what has recently been called the "smart grid." In this respect, I am also working with colleagues who are specialists in communications, sensors and control to explore how these rapidly evolving technologies can be harnessed to help meet the objectives mentioned above.

While integrating these objectives is an important part of my work, I also do research on each of these topics taken separately. For example, my students and I have developed probabilistic techniques to assess the operational security of power systems. As part of this strand of work, we are exploring the complex mechanisms that lead to blackouts in large power systems. I have also studied electricity markets and written a widely used textbook on power system economics. The next challenge in this area is to develop mechanisms which will ensure that competitive electricity markets deliver sufficient investments to meet the evolving needs of the electricity supply system.

Research links:

Honors and Awards

2007 Fellow of the IEEE
2009 IEEE Distinguished Lecturer
2014 "Best of the Best" paper award, IEEE PES Annual Meeting
2014 Best paper award, European Electricity Market Conference
2010 Prize Paper Award, 11th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems
2006 Significant Reviewer, IEEE Power Engineering Society
1986 Technical Excellence Award, Control Data Corporation
1985 Bacon Fellow, University of Wisconsin - Madison
1984 Member of Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society
1983 First Prize Paper Award, Industrial Drives Committee, IEEE Industry Applications Society
1980 Vilas Fellow, University of Wisconsin - Madison
1979 Fellow, Belgian American Educational Foundation

Visiting Appointments

2014 Chaire Franqui, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
2009 Guest Professor, Wuhan University, China
2007 Senior Research Fellow, Tsinghua University, China
1999 Tan Chin Tuan Fellow, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Professional Activities

Associate Editor, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Member of the Editorial Board, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
Member of the Editorial Board, Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation Magazine
Chair, IEEE Power and Energy Society, Computer and Analytical Methods Subcommittee, 2004-2009

Invited Lectures and Presentations

March 2013
IEEE Power and Energy Society Boston Chapter, Boston, MA
Invited lecture "Keep the Lights On and the Information Flowing"
May 2013
University of Maryland, College Park, MD
Invited lecture "Flexibility in Power Systems"
May 2013
Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Portland, OR
Invited lecture "Optimizing Power System Flexibility in the Short-Term and Long-Term"
February 2013
Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Portland, OR
Invited lecture "Research on the Value of Storage"
January 2013
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT
Invited lecture "Flexibility in Power Systems"
November 2012
Solar Washington, Seattle, WA
Invited lecture "Integrating Renewable Energy Sources in the Grid"
December 2012
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
Invited lecture "Keep the Lights On and the Information Flowing"
May 2012
Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM
Invited presentation "Power System Operation"
April 2012
Boise State University, Boise, ID
Invited presentation "Technologies for Transmission Planning"
March 2012
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM
Invited presentation "Probabilistic assessment of power system security"
November 2011
Seattle, WA
Invited presentation "High Performance Computing in Power Systems: Demand Pull and Technology Push"
October 2011
Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ
Invited presentation "Flexibility in Power Systems"
May 2011
Alstom Grid, Redmond, WA
Invited presentation "Optimizing the Flexibility of a Portfolio of Generating Plants to Deal with Wind Generation"
January 2011
Washington State University, Pullman, WA
Invited presentation "Harnessing the Power of the Demand Side"
January 2011
University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Invited presentation "Smart Grids and Beyond"

Complete list of invited lectures and presentations


Selected Publications

Books

D S Kirschen, G Strbac, "Fundamentals of Power System Economics", John Wiley & Sons, April 2004. (Chinese translation published in 2007).

N Jenkins, R N Allan, P Crossley, D S Kirschen and G Strbac, "Embedded Generation", IEE Press, 2000. (French translation published by Dunod in 2008).

Book Chapters

M Bilton, C Ramsay, M Leach, H Devine-Wright , P Devine-Wright , D S Kirschen "Domestic electricity consumption and demand-side participation: opportunities and challenges for the UK power system" Chapter 8 in Delivering a Low Carbon Electricity System: Technologies, Economics and Policy, M Grubb, T Jamasb and M G Pollitt (editors), Cambridge University Press, 2008.

D S Kirschen, "Expert Systems Applications in Energy Management Systems," chapter (28 pages) in the book Expert Systems Applications in Power Systems, T S Dillon and M A Laughton, editors, Prentice Hall, 1990.

Recent Papers in Scientific Journals

  1. S Lou, S Lu, Y Wu, D S Kirschen, "Optimizing Spinning Reserve Requirement of Power System With Carbon Capture Plants," accepted for publication in the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.
  2. Y Dvorkin, H Pandzic, M A Ortega-Vazquez, D S Kirschen, "A Hybrid Stochastic/Interval Approach to Transmission-Constrained Unit Commitment with Uncertainty", accepted for publication in the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.
  3. Y Wen, C Guo, D S Kirschen, S Dong, "Enhanced Security-Constrained OPF with Distributed Battery Energy Storage", accepted for publication in the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.
  4. T Dragicevic, H Pandzic, D Skrlec, I Kuzle, J M Guerrero, D S Kirschen, "Capacity Optimization of Renewable Energy Sources and Battery Storage in an Autonomous Telecommunication Facility", IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 1367-1378.
  5. Y Dvorkin, D S Kirschen, M A Ortega-Vazquez, "Optimal Scheduling of Flexibility Requirements", accepted for publication in IET Transmission, Generation, Distribution.
  6. M Panteli, P A Crossley, D S Kirschen, D J Sobajic, "Assessing the Impact of Insufficient Situation Awareness on Power System Operation", IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 28, No. 3, Aug. 2013, pp. 2967-2977.
  7. X-P Zhang, R Belmans, D S Kirschen, D Sun, E Vaahedi, Y Xue, "Guest Editorial: Introduction to the Special Section on Planning and Operation of Transmission Grid with Applications to Smart Grid-From Concept to Implementation", IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 4, No. 3, Sep. 2013, pp. 1619 - 1620.
  8. N Zhang, C Kang, D S Kirschen, Q Xia, "Rigorous model for evaluating wind power capacity credit", IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 7, No. 5, Sep. 2013, pp. 504-513.
  9. N Zhang, C Kang, D S Kirschen, Q Xia, W Xi, J Huang, Q Zhang, "Planning Pumped Storage Capacity for Wind Power Integration", IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 4, No. 2, April 2013, pp. 393-401.
  10. J Ma, V Silva, R Belhomme, D S Kirschen, L F Ochoa, "Evaluating and Planning Flexibility in Sustainable Power Systems", IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2013, pp. 200-209.
  11. Q Chen, C Kang, Q Xia, D S Kirschen, "Optimal Flexible Operation of a CO2 Capture Power Plant in a Combined Energy and Carbon Emission Market", IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 27, No. 3, August 2012, pp. 1602-1609.
  12. F Capitanescu, J L Martinez Ramos, P Panciatici, D S Kirschen, A Marano Marcolini, L Platbrood, L Wehenkel, "State-of-the-art, challenges, and future trends in security constrained optimal power flow" Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 81, No. 8, August 2011, pp. 1731-1741
  13. A Molina-Garcia, F Bouffard, D S Kirschen, "Decentralized Demand-Side Contribution to Primary Frequency Control", IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 26, No 1, pp. 411-419, February 2011.

Complete list of publications »

Recent Conference Papers

  1. T Haring, D S Kirschen, "Efficient Allocation of Balancing and Ramping Costs", in Proceedings of the 18th Power Systems Computation Conference, PSCC 2014.
  2. T Qiu, T Haring, D S Kirschen, "Cost Recovery in a Rolling Horizon Unit Commitment with Energy Storage", in Proceedings of the 18th Power Systems Computation Conference, PSCC 2014
  3. A I Negash, D S Kirschen, "Compensation of Demand Response in Competitive Wholesale" in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM14.
  4. A I Negash, D S Kirschen, "Optimally Designed Retail Rates to Incentivize Demand Response", in Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech), 2014.
  5. T VanderKley, A I Negash, D S Kirschen, "Analysis of Dynamic Retail Electricity Rates and Domestic Demand Response Programs", in Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech), 2014.
  6. P Henneaux, D S Kirschen, P E Labeau, "Methodologies for a dynamic probabilistic risk assessment of the fast cascade occurring in cascading failures leading to blackouts", in Proceedings of Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM12), Honolulu, 2014
  7. Y Dvorkin, Y Wang, H Pandzic, D S Kirschen, "Comparison of Scenario Reduction Techniques for the Stochastic Unit Commitment", in Proceedings IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Washington DC, 2014
  8. A I Negash, D S Kirschen, "Optimizing Demand Response Prices in Wholesale Markets", in Proceedings IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Washington DC, 2014
  9. H Pandzic, Y Dvorkin, Y Wang, T Qiu, D S Kirschen, "Effect of Time Resolution on Unit Commitment Decisions in Systems with High Wind Penetration", in Proceedings IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Washington DC, 2014
  10. H Pandzic, T Qiu, D S Kirschen "Comparison of State-of-the-Art Security Constrained Unit Commitment Formulations" in Proceedings IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Vancouver, July 2013

Complete list of publications »

Graduated PhD Students (University of Manchester))

Matheos Panteli, 2013
Juan Ma, 2012
Nofri Dahlan, 2012
Young Ho Kwon, 2009
Yann Rebours, 2008
Yann Su, 2007
Miguel Ortega-Vazquez, 2006
Maria Garcia, 2005
Tan Yun Tiam, 2004
Dilan Jayaweera, 2003
Dusko Nedic, 2003
Kung Jui Lee, 2003
Barnaby Pitt, 2000
Carlos Goyo Barrientos, 1999
Dilcemar de Paiva Mendes, 1999


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