**Symposium and Conference Papers
since 1996**

- G. Zhang, and L. Tsang,
"Wave scattering and scene images of trees generated by Lindenmayer
systems", Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), pp728-729, Lincoln, Nebraska May 26-30,
1996.

- L. Tsang, G.
Zhang, and K. Pak, "Numerical study of detection of a buried object
under a single random rough surface with angular correlation function",
Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Symposium (IGARSS) pp 2143-2145, Lincoln, Nebraska USA, May 26-30,
1996.

- L. L. Wilson, L.
Tsang and J-N. Hwang, "Mapping snow properties for spatially
distributed snow hydrological modeling in mountainous areas using
passive microwave remote sensing data", Proceedings of IEEE
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),
pp130-132, Lincoln, Nebraska USA, May 26-30, 1996.

- L. M. Zurk, L.
Tsang, J. Shi, and R.E. Davis, "Electromagnetic scattering based on
pair distribution functions retrieved from planar snow sections",
Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Symposium (IGARSS), pp754-756, Lincoln, Nebraska USA, May 26-30, 1996.

- J. T. Johnson,
R.T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang and K. Pak, "A numerical study of the
composite surface model for ocean scattering", Proceedings of IEEE
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),
pp1401-1403, Lincoln, Nebraska USA, May 26-30, 1996.

- K. Pak, L. Tsang,
R. Weeks, J. Shi, and H. Rott, "Electromagnetic wave scattering from
real life rough surface profiles and profiles based on an averaged
spectrum", Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), pp2125-2127, Lincoln, Nebraska USA, May
26-30, 1996.

- C. H. Chan, L.
Tsang, and K. Pak, "Monte Carlo simulations of random rough surface at
near grazing incidence", Proceedings of the International Symposium on
Antennas and Propagation, pp 889-892 , Chiba , Japan, September, 1996.

- C. H. Chan, L.
Tsang, and C. M. Lin, " A sparse-matrix canonical grid method for
solving large scale electromagnetic boundary value problems",
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation,
pp 909-912, Chiba, Japan, September, 1996.

- K. Pak, T. Tsang,
and G. Zhang, "Numerical studies of electromagnetic wave scattering
from two-dimensional random rough surfaces'', Proceedings of Progress
In Electromagnetics Research Symposium, pp 464 Hong Kong, January 6-9,
1997.

- L. Tsang, K. Pak,
and G. Zhang, "Application of the angular correlation function of
scattered wave by a random rough surface with and without a single
scattering object'', Proceedings. of Progress In Electromagnetics
Research Symposium, pp466 Hong Kong, January 6-9, 1997.

- C. H. Chan and L.
Tsang, "Comparison study of numerical simulations of random rough
surface at near grazing incidence", Proceedings of Progress In
Electromagnetics Research Symposium, pp48, Hong Kong, January 6-9,
1997.

- K. Pak, L. Tsang,
C.H. Chan, J. Johnson, and Q. Li, "Scattering of electromagnetic waves
in large scale rough surface problems based on the Sparse-matrix
canonical grid method", Proceedings of the Annual Review of Progress in
Applied Computational Electromagnetics, pp951-957, Monterey,
California, March 17-21, 1997.

- G. Zhang, L.
Tsang, and Y. Kuga, "A study of electromagnetic wave scattering by a
buried object in the presence of a random rough surface and random
media using angular correlation function", Proceedings of the Progress
in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, p.204, Cambridge,
Massachusetts, July 7-11, 1997.

- L. Tsang, K. H.
Ding, and S.E. Shih, "Monte Carlo simulations of scattering of
Electromagnetic waves from dense distributions of nonspherical
particles", Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium (IGARSS'97), pp919-921, Singapore, August 3-8, 1997.

- G. Zhang, L.
Tsang, and Y. Kuga, "Application of angular correlation function of
wave scattering by a random rough surface and random discrete
scatterers in target detection", Proceedings of IEEE International
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS'97), pp1141-1143,
Singapore, August 3-8, 1997.

- C. Sjaarda
Cornish, M. Azadeh, W. R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, "Efficient waveform
recall in absorbing media," PSHB Persistent Spectral Holeburning
Conference, Bozeman, Montana, March 1998.

- C. Sjaarda
Cornish, M. Azadeh, W. R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, "Efficient waveform
recall in absorbing media," CLEO Conference on Lasers and
Electro-optics, San Francisco, California, May 3-8, 1998.

- Y. Wang, J. N.
Hwang, C. T. Chen, L. Tsang, B. Nijssen, D. P. Lettenmaier, "Neural
Network Inversion of Snow Parameters by Fusion of Snow Hydrology
Prediction and SSM/I Microwave Satellite Measurements" to appear in
Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and
Signal, Seattle, May 12-15, 1998.

- C. Cornish, M.
Azadeh, W. R. Babbitt and L. Tsang, "Efficient waveform recall in
absorbing media", Proceedings of IEEE CLEO, P. 214, San Diego, May 3-8,
1998.

- G. Zhang, L.
Tsang and K. Pak, "Angular Correlation Function and Scattering
Coefficient of Electromagnetic Wave Scattered by A Buried Object Under
A Two-Dimensional Rough Surface", to appear in Proceedings of IEEE
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS'98), 3
pages, Seattle, July 6-10, 1998.

- C. M. Lin, C.
Chan, and L. Tsang, " Conical Diffraction of Electromagnetic Waves from
One-Dimensional Lossy Dielectric Rough Surfaces by Using the Wavelet
Transform", Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium (IGARSS'98), 3 pages, Seattle, July 6-10, 1998.

- Q. Li, C.H. Chan,
L. Tsang and G. Zhang, "Wave Scattering from a Lossy Dielectric Rough
Surface Using PBTG-BMIA/CAG and Applications to Passive Remote
Sensing", Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium (IGARSS'98), 3 pages, Seattle, July 6-10, 1998.

- C.-T. Chen, B.
Nijssen, Y. K. Wang, L. Tsang, J.-N. Hwang, D. P. Lettenmaier, "Mapping
the Spatial Distribution and Time Evolution of Snow Water Equivalent
Using Neural Network Iterative Approach and a Snow Hydrology Model" ,
Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Symposium (IGARSS'98), 3 pages, Seattle, July 6-10, 1998

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
and C. H. Chan, "Numerical Solutions of Wave Scattering from a Lossy
Dielectric Random Rough Surface at Low Grazing Incidence Using a
Physics-Based Two-grid Method Combined with the Banded-Matrix Iterative
Approach/Canonical Grid Method", 1998 IEEE Antennas and Propagation and
International Union of Radio Science Meeting, Atlanta, June 8-11, 1998.

- C. Sjaarda
Cornish, W. R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, "Efficient waveform recall in
absorbing media, " Proceedings-of-the-SPIE--
The-International-Society-for-Optical-Engineering. vol.3468; p.174-81.,
St. Petersburg, Russia, June 22-26, 1998.

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
G. F. Zhang, and C. H. Chan, "Wave Scattering from a Lossy Dielectric
Rough Surface Using a Physics-Based Two-grid Method Combined with the
Banded-Matrix Iterative Approach/Canonical Grid Method and Applications
to Passive Remote Sensing," International Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Symposium (IGARSS), Seattle, Washington, 1998.

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
C.H. Chan and K. Pak, "Emmisivity of Random Dielectric Rough Surfaces:
A Comparison between the Second Order Small Perturbation Method and
Three-Dimensional Monte-Carlo Simulations", URSI, Boulder, Jan. 4-8,
1999.

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
K. Pak, and C. H. Chan, "Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves and
Emissivities of Random Rough Dielectric Lossy Surfaces with the
Physics-Based Two-Grid Method Combined with the Sparse-Matrix Canonical
Grid Method," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS),
Taiwan, March 22-26, 1999.

- L. Tsang, J. Cha,
J. Thomas, C. C. Huang and C. H. Chan, "Surface Electric Fields of
Spatial Green's Functions of Multi-Layered Microstrip Structure and
Applications to the Calculations of Impedance Matrix Elements",
Proceedings of the Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium,
Taipei, Taiwan, March 22-26, 1999.

- C.-T. Chen, L.
Tsang, A. T. C. Chang, K.-H. Ding , "Dense Media Scattering Theory for
Densely Packed Moderate Size Particles" , Proceedings of the Progress
in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, March 22-26,
1999.

- C.-T. Chen, Y. K.
Wang, B. Nijssen, L. Tsang, J.-N. Hwang, D. P. Lettenmaier, "Passive
Remote Sensing of Snow Parameters Based on Constrained Inversion",
Proceedings of the Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium,
Taipei, Taiwan, March 22-26, 1999.

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
C. H. Chan and K. Pak, "Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves and
Emissivities of Random Rough Dielectric Lossy Surfaces with the
Physics-Based Two-Grid Method Combined with the Sparse-Matrix Canonical
Grid Method", Proceedings of the Progress in Electromagnetics Research
Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, March 22-26, 1999.

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
K. Pak, and C. H. Chan, "Monte-Carlo Simulations of Emissivities of
Random Dielectric Rough Surfaces and Comparisons with the Small
Perturbation Method," International Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Symposium (IGARSS), Germany, June 28- July 2, 1999.

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
K. Pak and C. H. Chan, "Monte-Carlo Simulations of Emissivities of
Random Dielectric Rough Surfaces and Comparisons with the Small
Perturbation Method", Proceedings of IGARSS'99, Hamburg, Germany, June
28 - July 2, 1999.

- C.-T. Chen, L.
Tsang, A. T. C. Chang, K.-H. Ding, "Scattering by Densely Distributed
Moderate Size particles with Size Distribution and Applications to
Snow", Proceedings of IGARSS'99, Hamburg, Germany, June 28 - July 2,
1999.

- C.-T. Chen, Y. K.
Wang, B. Nijssen, L. Tsang, J.-N. Hwang, Dennis P. Lettenmaier "Passive
Remote Sensing of Snow with Hydrological Model and Constraints on Grain
Size and Snow Density", Proceedings of IGARSS'99, Hamburg, Germany,
June 28 - July 2, 1999.

- S. Li, C. H.
Chan, L. Tsang, and Q. Li, "Parallel Implementation of the Sparse
Matrix Canonical Grid Method for Two-dimensional Lossy Dielectric Rough
Surfaces (3D scattering problems) on a Beowulf System," IEEE AP-S
International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting,
Orlando, Florida, July 11-16, 1999.

- C. Sjaarda
Cornish, W. R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, "Study of the energy source of
photon echoess," OpTec Conference, Bozeman, Montana, August 1999.

- Q. Li, L. Tsang,
and J. C. Shi, "Numerical Simulations of Emissivities of
Two-dimensional Random Dielectric Lossy Rough Surfaces with Gaussian
and Non-Gaussian Spectrums," National Radio Science Meeting, Boulder,
Colorado, Jan. 5-8, 2000.

- C. S. Cornish, W.
R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, "Demonstration of highly efficient photon
echoes in absorbing media," CLEO Conference on Lasers and
Electro-optics, San Francisco, California, May 9-12, 2000.

- C. S. Cornish, W.
R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, "Study of the energy source of photon
echoes", CLEO Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, San Francisco,
California, May 2000.

- L. Zhou, K. S.
Chen, L. Tsang, Q. Li and C. H. Chan, "Numerical Simulations of Thermal
Emission from Random Dielectric Rough Surfaces Based on Physics-Based
Two-Grid Method," IEEE International Symposium on AP and USNC/URSI,
July 1-7, 2000.

- H. Braunisch, Y.
Zhang, C. O. Ao, S.-E. Shih, Y. E. Yang, K.-H. Ding, J. A. Kong, and L.
Tsang, "Tapered wave with a least squared error property, " IGARSS,
Hawaii, July 24-28, 2000.

- K. S. Chen, L.
Tsang, Q. Li, C. C. Huang and J. C. Shi, "Numerical Simulations of
Scattering and Emission from Two-Dimensional Inhomogeneous Dielectric
Rough Surfaces Based on Physics-Based Two-Grid Method, " Proceedings of
IGARSS, Hawaii, July 24-28, 2000.

- L. Zhou, Q. Li,
L. Tsang, and K. S. Chen, "A Numerical Study of Thermal Emission from
Random Dielectric Rough Surfaces with the SMCG/PBTG Method, "
Proceedings of IGARSS, Hawaii, July 24-28, 2000.

- C.-T. Chen, J.
Guo, L. Tsang, A. T. C. Chang and K.-H. Ding, "Analytical and numerical
methods for the scattering by dense media", in Proc. IGARSS, Hawaii,
July 24-28, 2000.

- C.-T. Chen, L.
Tsang, A. T. C. Chang and J. Guo, "Passive microwave remote sensing of
snow parameters constrained by snow hydrology model and snow grain size
growth," in Proc. IGARSS, Hawaii, July 24-28, 2000.

- J. J. Guo, C.-T.
Chen, L. Tsang, A. T. C. Chang, and K.-H. Ding, "Radiative transfer
theory and simulations for applications to emissions of foam covered
ocean and snow," in PIERS, Cambridge, Massachusetts, July 5-14, 2000.

- J. J. Guo, L.
Tsang, W. Asher, C. O. Ao and J. A. Kong, "Applications of dense media
radiative transfer theory for passive microwave remote sensing of foam
covered ocean," in Proc. IGARSS, Sydney, Australia, 2001.

- J. J. Guo, K.-H.
Ding, L. Tsang, A. T. C. Chang, C.-T. Chen, "Frequency dependence of
scattering by dense media of small particles based on Monte Carlo
simulation of Maxwell's equations," in Proc. IGARSS, Sydney, Australia,
2001.

- L. Zhou, Q. Li,
L. Tsang, J. Shi, V. Jandhyala, K. S. Chen, S. Q. Li and C. H. Chan,
"Emissivities and back-scattering coefficients of random lossy
dielectric rough surfaces at microwave frequencies based on
3-dimensional numerical simulations," in Proc. IGARSS, Sydney,
Australia, July 9-13, 2001.

- S. Q. Li, C. H.
Chan and L. Tsang, "Study on rough ocean surface with full spatial
spectrum based in the multilevel expansion method," in PIERS, Osaka,
Japan, July 18-22, 2001.

- C. C. Huang, L.
Tsang, D. Miller and A. Tripathi "Modeling of Multi-vias Coupling for
High Speed Interconnect", Proc. EPEP , Cambridge, Massachusetts,
October 29-31, 2001.

- C.-J. Ong, L.
Tsang, C.-C. Huang and V. Jandhyala, "A numerical solution of the
layered media Green's function for the MPIE in the time domain," IEEE
AP-S/URSI, San Antonio, Texas, June 16-21, 2002.

- K. Huang, C. H.
Chan and L. Tsang, "Sparse-matrix canonical grid (SMCG) method for
dense medium scattering," IEEE AP-S/URSI Symp., San Antonio, Texas,
June 16-21, 2002.

- C. H. Chan, L.
Tsang, B.-K. Huang and M.-Y. Xia, "Sparse-matrix canonical grid (SMCG)
method for large-scale electromagnetic simulation- an overview", IEEE
AP-S/URSI Symp., San Antonio, Texas, June 16-21, 2002.

- R. E. J. Kelly,
A. T. C. Chang, L. Tsang and C. T. Chen, "Parameterization of snowpack
grain size for global satellite microwave estimates of snow depth,"
IGARSS, Toronto, Canada, June 24-28, 2002.

- Q. Li, L. Zhou,
L. Tsang, K. S. Chen, "Numerical study of frequency and polametric
dependence of the emissivities and backscattering coefficients of soil
based on three dimensional Monte-Carlo simulations of Maxwell's
equations," IGARSS, Toronto, Canada, June 24-28, 2002.

- L. Zhou, L. Tsang
and K.-H. Ding, "Foam effects on polarimetric passive microwave remote
sensing of ocean wind vectors," to be presented at IGARSS, Toronto,
Canada, June 24-28, 2002.

- J. Guo, L. Tsang,
E. Josberger and J.-N. Hwang, "Mapping the spatial distribution and the
time evolution of snow water equivalent with passive microwave
measurements," IGARSS, Toronto, Canada, June 24-28, 2002.

- J. Guo, L. Tsang,
A.T.C. Chang, K.-H. Ding and C.-T. Chen, "Frequency dependence of
scattering by dense media of small particles based on Monte Carlo
simulation of Maxwell's equations," IGARSS, Toronto, Canada, June
24-28, 2002.

- H. Chen, Q. Li,
L. Tsang and V. Jandhyala, "Coupling of large number of vias in
electronic packaging structures and differential signaling," Proc. IMS,
Seattle, Washington, June 23-26, 2002.

- C. C. Huang, L.
Tsang and C. H. Chan, "Multiple scattering among vias in planar
waveguides using the SMCG method," Proc. IMS, Seattle, Washington, June
23-26, 2002.

- L. Tsang, H. F.
Chen, Q. Li, C. C. Huang and V. Jandhyala, "Simulations of large number
of vias in electronic packaging structure," PIERS, Boston, July 21-25,
2002.

- J. Guo, C.-T.
Chen, Q. Li, K. H. Ding and L. Tsang, "Scattering by dense media of
small particles based on Monte Carlo simulations and applications to
microwave remote sensing of snow," PIERS, Boston, July 21-25, 2002.

- L. Zhou, L. Tsang
and Q. Li, "Effects of foam on four stokes parameters of passive
microwave remote sensing of ocean," PIERS, Boston, July 21-25, 2002.

- L. Zhou, Q. Li
and L. Tsang, "Emissivities and back-scattering coefficients of soil
and ocean at microwave frequencies based on 3-dimensional numerical
simulations," PIERS, Boston, July 21-25, 2002.

- K. H. Ding and L.
Tsang, "A sparse matrix iterative approach for modeling tree
scattering," PIERS, Boston, MA, July 21-25, 2002.

- L. Tsang, Q. Li,
K. H. Ding and J. A. Kong, "Scattering of waves by rough surfaces and
vegetation based on three dimensional numerical simulations," XXVIIth
URSI General Assembly, Maastricht, Netherlands, Aug. 17-24, 2002.

- L. Tsang, C. H.
Chan, J. Guo, B.-K. Huang, M. Y. Xia and C-T Chen, "Dense media
scattering based on numerical simulations," XXVIIth URSI General
Assembly, Maastricht, Netherlands, Aug. 17-24, 2002.

- L. Tsang,
"Electromagnetic Propagation and Signal Integrity through multi-layered
vias structures in Differential Signaling", Intel Technology Symposium,
Seattle, Aug 28-29, 2002.

- L. Tsang,
K. W. Lam, Q. Li, K. L. Lai, L. Zhou, C. H. Chan, and L. Zheng,
"Scattering of waves by random rough surfaces with applications in
microwave remote sensing and wireless communications", Cross-Strait
Tri-regional Radio Science and Wireless Technology Conference,
Shanghai, China, October 28-31, 2002.

- K. W. Lam,
Q. Li, L. Tsang, K. L. Lai, H. G. Wang, L. Zhou, C. H. Chan and L.
Zheng, "Large scale simulations of scattering of waves by random rough
surfaces with applications in microwave remote sensing and wireless
communications", Proceedings of the Interim International Symposium on
Antennas and Propagation, Yokosuka, Japan, November 26-28, 2002.

- C.-J. Ong,
L. Tsang, "Computation of time-domain layered media Green function for
dispersive media with a finite conductivity ground plane", PIERS,
Singapore, Jan. 7-10, 2003.

- Y. F. Sun,
C.H. Chan, R. Mittra and L. Tsang, "Characteristic Basis function
methods for solving large problems arising from dense medium
scattering", IEEE Antennas and Propagation International Symposium,
Columbus, Ohio, June 21-27, 2003.

- K. W. Lam,
L. Z. Zheng, Q. Li, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. L. Lai, "Statistical
Distributions of Fields in Scattering by Random Rough Surfaces Based on
Monte Carlo Simulations of Maxwell Equations", IEEE Antennas and
Propagation International Symposium, Columbus, Ohio, June 21-27, 2003.

- Q. Li, L.
Tsang, L. Zhou, "Study of Microwave Signatures of Soils with Various
Rough Surface Spectra Based on 3-D Numerical Simulations of Maxwell
Equations", IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium,
IGARSS 2003, Toulouse, France, July 22-24, 2003.

- D. Chen, L.
Tsang, Y.-Q. Jin, "Microwave Emission and Scattering of Layered Foam
based on Monte Carlo Simulations of Dense Media", IEEE International
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2003, Toulouse, France,
July 22-24, 2003.

- L. Tsang,
K.-H. Ding, A. T. C. Chang, "Scattering by Densely Packed Sticky
Particles with Size Distributions and Applications to Microwave
Emission and Scattering from Snow", IEEE International Geoscience and
Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2003, Toulouse, France, July 22-24,
2003.

- K. W. Lam, P. Xu,
L. Tsang, Q. Li, K. L. Lai, "Wireless Communications Channel Modeling
based on Numerical Solutions of Maxwell Equations", IEEE AP-S Topical
Conference on Wireless Communication Technology, Honolulu, Hawaii,
October 13-16, 2003.

- L. Zhou, L.
Tsang, V. Jandhyala, Q. Li, C. H. Chan, "Accurate Simulations of
Emissivities in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Based on Fast
Algorithm", Progress in Electromagnetics research Symposium, Honolulu,
Hawaii, October 13-16, 2003.

- C. C.
Huang, L. Tsang, H. F. Chen, Q. Li, K. Gu, V. Jandhyala, "Study of
Interactions of Large Number of Vias in Multi-layered Structure",
Progress in Electromagnetics research Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii,
October 13-16, 2003.

- X. Gu, L.
Tsang, H. F. Chen, C.-C. Huang, Q. Li, C.-J. Ong, K. L. Lai, C.-M. Lin,
"Full-Wave Solver of Multi-Via Scattering and Microstrip Line Coupling
in PCBs", International Microelectronics And Packaging Society (IMAPS),
Austin, Texas, June 21-24, 2004.

- X. Gu, L.
Tsang, H. F. Chen, C.-C. Huang, Q. Li, C.-J. Ong, K. L. Lai, "Full-wave
Analysis of Microstrip Line Coupling and Fast Solution of Multi-Via
Scattering in PCBs", IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI
National Radio Science Meeting, Monterey, California, June 20-26, 2004.

- L. Tsang,
P. Xu, Q. Li, D. Chen, "Numerical Simulations of Rough Surface
Scattering with UV Multilevel Partitioning Method", IEEE AP-S
International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting,
Monterey, California, June 20-26, 2004.

- P. Xu, K.
W. Lam, L. Tsang, K. L. Lai, "Fading Simulations in Channel Modeling
Based on Fast Solutions of Maxwell Equations", IEEE AP-S International
Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Monterey,
California, June 20-26, 2004.

- H. G. Wang,
C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, "A New Multi-level Green's Function Interpolation
Method for Large Scale EM Simulation in RFIC", IEEE AP-S International
Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Monterey,
California, June 20-26, 2004.

- L. Tsang, "
Microwave scattering and emission by random media and rough surfaces",
Specialists Workshop on EM Scattering Modeling and Information
Retrieval in Remote Sensing, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, August
25-27, 2004

- Y. H. Tan,
L. Tsang, Z. X. Li, Q. Li and L. Zhou, "Model of Microwave Remote
Sensing of Snow Using DMRT with Random Rough Surfaces", Progress in
Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Nanjing, China, Aug.
28-31, 2004.

- P. Xu, L.
Tsang, Q. Li, and D. Chen, "UV Multi-level Partitioning Method in
Solving Problems of Surface and Volume Scattering", Progress in
Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Nanjing, China, Aug.
28-31, 2004.

- K. L. Lai,
L. Tsang, X. Gu, C.-C. Huang, and C.-J. Ong, "Full-wave Analysis of Via
Discontinuity on Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) with Fast Layered-Medium
Green's Function", Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium
(PIERS), Nanjing, China, Aug. 28-31, 2004.

- H. G. Wang,
C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, K. F. Chan, "Effective Permittivity Simulation of
Mixture Using IMLMQRF Method on Preconditioned EFIE", Progress in
Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Nanjing, China, Aug.
28-31, 2004.

- M. Y. Xia,
M. M. Wang, C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, "Numerical Approach for Rough Surface
Scattering Using Single Integral Equation and Two Grid Method",
Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Nanjing,
China, Aug. 28-31, 2004.

- X. Gu, L.
Tsang, K. L. Lai, C.-C. Huang, C.-J. Ong, "Full Wave Analysis of Vias
and Microstrip Structures", Intel Technology Symposium, San Francisco,
California, Sept. 8-9, 2004.

- Y. H. Tan,
Z. X. Li, L. Tsang, A. T. C. Chang and Q. Li, "Modeling Passive and
Active Microwave Remote Sensing of Snow Using DMRT Theory with Rough
Surface Boundary Conditions", Proceedings of IEEE International
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Anchorage, Alaska,
Sept. 20-24, 2004.

- Y. H. Tan,
L. Tsang, A. T. C. Chang and R. Kelly, "Passive Microwave Remote
Sensing of Snow Based on: A) Hydrological Simulations, and B) Dense
Media Radiative Transfer Theory", Proceedings of IEEE International
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Anchorage, Alaska,
Sept. 20-24, 2004.

- L. Tsang,
Q. Li, P. Xu, Z. X. Li, "Application of UV Multi-level Partitioning
Method in Solving Problems of Surface and Volume Scattering",
Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Symposium (IGARSS), Anchorage, Alaska, Sept. 20-24, 2004.

- P. Xu, D.
Chen, L. Tsang, "Microwave Emission of Foam with Kelvin's Structure
Based on Fast Solutions of Wave Equations", Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),
Anchorage, Alaska, Sept. 20-24, 2004.

- P. Xu and L. Tsang, "Scattering of waves by rough surface based
on a hybrid UV/SMCG method," IEEE Antennas & Propagat. Symp./URSI meeting, Washington DC, July
2005.

- P. Xu and L. Tsang, "Rough
surface effects in microwave remote sensing: numerical Maxwell model using the UV/SMCG method," IEEE Int. Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symp., Seoul, South Korea,
July 2005.

- Y.H.
Tan, Z. X. Li, and L. Tsang, “Microwave model of remote sensing of snow
based on dense media radiative transfer theory with NMM3D rough surface boundary conditions”, IEEE Int. Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symp. (IGARSS’06), Seoul, South Korea, July 2005.

- P. Xu and L. Tsang,
"Numerical solutions of random rough surface scattering problems using the UV/SMCG method," Progress in Electromagnetics
Symp. (PIERS), Hangzhou, China, Aug 2005.

- X. Gu, L. Tsang and H.
Braunisch, “Modeling the effects of randomly rough surface of conductors on wave propagation in interconnects in the GHz
range”, Progress in Electromagnetics Symp. (PIERS), Hangzhou, China, Aug 2005.

- K. K. Tse, Z. X. Li, Y. H. Tan, L. Tsang and C. H. Chan, "Dense
media scattering, absorption and emission in snow based on numerical Maxwell model of 3-dimensional simulations (NMM3D)," Progress in
Electromagnetics Symp. (PIERS), Hangzhou, China, Aug 2005.

- L. Tsang, J. Pan, D. Liang, Z. Li, and D. Cline, "Modeling Active Microwave Remote Sensing of Snow using Dense Media Radiative Transfer (DMRT) Theory with Multiple Scattering Effects,"
Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Denvor, Colorado, July 31 - Aug. 4, 2006. page. 477-480.

- D. Liang, X. Xu, L. Tsang, K.M. Andreadis, and E.G. Josberger, "Modeling multi-layer effects in passive microwave remote sensing of dry snow
using Dense Media Radiative Transfer Theory (DMRT) based on quasicrystalline approximation," Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Barcelona, Spain, July. 23-28, 2007. page. 1215-1218.

- P. Xu, L. Tsang, L. Li, and K.S. Chen, "Emissivities of rough surface over layered media in microwave remote sensing of snow,"
Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Barcelona, Spain, July. 23-27, 2007. page. 1436-1439.

- P. Xu, L. Tsang, and K.S. Chen, "Frequency and polarimetric dependence of active and passive microwave remote sensing signatures in rough surface problems with small to moderate rms heights,"
Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Barcelona, Spain, July. 23-27, 2007. page. 65 - 68 .

- H. Braunisch, X. Gu, A. Camacho-Bragado, and L. Tsang, "Off-Chip Rough-Metal-Surface Propagation Loss Modeling and Correlation with Measurements,"
in Proc. IEEE Electronic Components and Technology Conf (ECTC), Reno, Nevada, May 29 - June 1, page 785-791. 2008.

- B. Wu and L. Tsang, "Evaluation of Time Domain Green's Functions for Layered Medium using FAM and NMSP Methods,"
IEEE Antennas & Propagat. Symp./URSI meeting, San Diego, July 2008.

- Ruihua Ding, Leung Tsang, Henning Braunisch, and Weijiu Wu, "Rough Surface Effects in Parallel Plate Waveguide at Gigahertz Frequencies,"
IEEE Electron. Compon. Technol. Conf. (ECTC), San Diego, CA, May 2009

- B. Wu, J. Q. Bagley, and L. Tsang, "Computation of layered media Green's functions in metamaterials,"
in PIERS, Beijing, China, Mar. 23-27, 2009.

- B. Wu and L. Tsang, "Signal integrity analysis for 3D high-speed interconnects using Foldy-Lax multiple scattering equations,"
in PIERS, Beijing, China, Mar. 23-27, 2009.

- R. Ding, L. Tsang, and H. Braunisch, "Modeling rough surface effects in a parallel plate waveguide,"
in PIERS, Beijing, China, Mar. 23-27, 2009.

- X. Gu, B. Wu, C. Baks, and L. Tsang, "Fast full wave analysis of PCB via arrays with model-to-hardware correlation," in Proc. IEEE Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems Conf. (EPEPS'09), Portland, Oregon, Oct. 19-21, 2009.