Laboratory of Applications and Computationsin Electromagnetics and Optics

Publications of L. Tsang

Books

  1. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, and R. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985.
     
  2. L. Tsang, J.A. Kong, and K.H. Ding, Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves, Vol. 1:Theory and Applications , Wiley Interscience, 2000, 426 pages.
     
  3. L. Tsang, J.A. Kong, K.H. Ding and C.O. Ao, Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves, Vol. 2: Numerical Simulations, Wiley Interscience, 2001, 705 pages.
     
  4. L. Tsang and J.A. Kong, Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves, Vol. 3: Advanced Topics, Wiley Interscience, 2001, 413 pages.
     

Edited books

  1. M. Tateiba and L. Tsang (ed). Electromagnetic Theory and Network Methods, Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 13, EMW Publishers, 362 pages Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1996.
     
  2. M. Tateiba and L. Tsang (ed), Electromagnetic Scattering by Rough Surfaces and random Media, Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 14, EMW Publishers, 361 pages,  Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1996.

Book Chapters

  1. K. H. Ding and L. Tsang, "Effective propagation constants in media with densely distributed dielectric particles of multiple sizes and permittivities," in Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 1, (edited by J. A. Kong), Chp. 3, 241-295, Elsevier, New York, 1989.
     
  2. L. Tsang, K. H. Ding, and B. Wen, "Polarimetric signature of random discrete scatterers based on vector radiative transfer theory. Part I. Nonspherical particles and Part II. Dense media," in Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 3, Polarimetric Remote Sensing, (edited by J. A. Kong), Chp. 2, 75-142, Elsevier, New York, 1990.
     
  3. L. Tsang, "Dense media radiative transfer theory for dense discrete random media with spherical particles of multiple sizes and permittivities," Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 6, Dielectric Properties of Heterogeneous Materials, Chapter 5, 181-230, ed. by A. Priou, Elsevier, New York, 1992.
     
  4. D. P. Winebrenner, J. Bredow, A. K. Fung, M. R. Drinkwater, S. Nghiem, A. J. Gow, D. K. Perovich, T. Grenfell, H. C. Han, J. A. Kong, J. K. Lee, L. Tsang, and R. D. West , "Microwave Sea Ice Signature Modeling" Chapter 8, Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice, ed by FD Carsey, Geophysical Monograph 68, American Geophysical Union, 1992
     
  5. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, Z. Chen, K. Pak, and C. Hsu, "Theory of microwave scattering from vegetation on the collective scattering effects of discrete scatterers," in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Land-Atmosphere Interaction, ed. by B.J. Choudhury, Y.H. Kerr, E.G. Njoku, and P. Pampaloni,  pp117-154,  VSP Press, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1995.
     
  6. L. Tsang, D. Davis, R. West, Z. Chen., J.-N. Hwang, and D. Winebrenner, "Passive microwave remote sensing of snow: Scattering in snow based on dense media theory and parametric inversion of snow parameters with an artificial neural network,"  in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Land-Atmosphere Interaction, ed. by B.J. Choudhury, Y.H. Kerr, E.G. Njoku, and P. Pampaloni,  pp295-314,  VSP Press, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1995.
     
  7. W. C. Au, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, and J. A. Kong, "Collective scattering and absorption in microwave interaction with vegetation canopies," Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 14, EMW Publishers, pp 182-231, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1996.
     
  8. Z. Chen, L. Tsang, and G. Zhang, "Application of stochastic Lindenmayer systems to study collective and cluster scattering in microwave remote sensing of vegetation," Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 14, EMW Publishers, pp 233-277, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1996.
     
  9. L. Tsang and Qin Li, "Microwave Remote Sensing Theory", Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering,Edited by John Webster, Wiley, 1999.
     
  10. Q. Li, M. Y. Xia, L. Tsang, L. Zhou, C. H. Chan and Z. X. Li, "Rough Surface Scattering: Numerical Simulations and Applications in Microwave Remote Sensing", Wiley Encyclopedia on RFME, Edited by K. Chang, in press, 2004.
     
  11. K.H. Ding, L. Tsang, and Q. Li, "Computational Electromagnetic Scattering Models for Microwave Remote Sensing", Wiley Encyclopedia on RFME, Edited by K. Chang, 2004.
     
  12. K. K. Tse, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan and K. H. Ding, "Light Scattering and Nanoscale Surface Roughness", Springer, New York, Edited by Alexei A. Maradudin, 2007.
     

Journal Papers

  1. L.C. Shen, L. Tsang, and J. A. Kong, "Multifrequency excitation of a wire antenna for an invariant radiation pattern," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-20(6), 784-785, November 1972.
     
  2. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, and G. Simmons, "Interference patterns of a horizontal electric dipole over layered dielectric media," Journal of Geophysical Research, 78(17), 3287-3300, June 1973.
     
  3. J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, and G. Simmons, "Geophysical subsurface probing with radio-frequency interferometry," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-22(4), 616-620, July 1974.
     
  4. L. Tsang, R. Brown, J. A. Kong, and G. Simmons, "Numerical evaluation of electromagnetic fields due to dipole antennas in the presence of stratified media," Journal of Geophysical Research, 79(14), 2077-2080, May 1974.
     
  5. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Electromagnetic fields due to a horizontal electric dipole antenna laid on the surface of a two-layer medium," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-22(5), 709-711, September 1974.
     
  6. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Application of the radio-frequency interferometry method to a stratified anisotropic medium," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-23, 725-728, September 1975.
     
  7. L. Tsang, E. Njoku, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave thermal emission from a stratified medium with nonuniform temperature distribution," Journal of Applied Physics, 46(12), 5127-5133, December 1975.
     
  8. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "The brightness temperature of a half-space random medium with nonuniform temperature profile," Radio Science, 10(12), 1025-1033, December 1975.
     
  9. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Microwave remote sensing of a two-layer random medium," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-24(3), 283-288, May 1976.
     
  10. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Emissivity of half-space random media," Radio Science, 11(7), 593-598, July 1976.
     
  11. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Thermal microwave emission from half-space random media," Radio Science, 11(7), 599-609, July 1976.
     
  12. W.-C. Chan, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Geophysical subsurface probing with a horizontal magnetic dipole," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-24(6), 877-879, November 1976.
     
  13. L. Tsang, "Theory of thermal microwave emission from a two-layer medium," Pure and Applied Geophysics, 114(6), 909-918, 1976.
     
  14. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Thermal microwave emission from a random inhomogeneous layer over a homogeneous medium using the method of invariant imbedding," Radio Science, 12(2), 185-194, March-April 1977.
     
  15. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Theory for thermal microwave emission from a bounded medium containing spherical scatterers," Journal of Applied Physics, 48(8), 3593-3599, August 1977.
     
  16. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, E. Njoku, D. H. Staelin, and J. W. Waters, "Theory for microwave thermal emission from a layer of cloud or rain," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-25(5), 650-657, September 1977.
     
  17. J. A. Kong, L.-C. Shen, and L. Tsang, "Field of an antenna submerged in a dissipative dielectric medium," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-25(6), 887-889, November 1977.
     
  18. D. Cheng, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Geophysical subsurface probing of a two-layer uniaxial medium with a horizontal magnetic dipole," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-25(6), 766-769, November 1977.
     
  19. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Radiative transfer theory for active remote sensing of half-space random media," Radio Science, 13(5), 763-773, September-October 1978.
     
  20. L. Tsang, "Time-harmonic solution of the elastic head wave problem incorporating the influence of Rayleigh poles," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 63(5), 1302-1309, May 1978.
     
  21. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Asymptotic methods for the first compressional head wave arrival in a fluid-filled borehole," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 65(3), 647-654, March 1979.
     
  22. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Radiative transfer theory for scattering by layered media," Journal of Applied Physics, 50(4), 2465-2469, April 1979.
     
  23. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Wave theory for microwave remote sensing of a half-space random medium with three-dimensional variations," Radio Science, 14(3), 359-369, May-June 1979.
     
  24. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Modified modal theory of transient response in layered media," Journal of Mathematical Physics, 20(6), 1170-1182, June 1979.
     
  25. J. A. Kong, R. Shin, J. C. Shiue, and L. Tsang, "Theory and experiment for passive microwave remote sensing of snowpacks," Journal of Geophysical Research, 84(B10) 5669-5673, September 1979.
     
  26. L. Tsang and D. Rader, "Numerical evaluation of transient acoustic waveform due to a point source in a fluid-filled borehole," Geophysics, 44(10), 1706-1720, October 1979.
     
  27. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Energy conservation for reflectivity and transmissivity at a very rough surface," Journal of Applied Physics, 51(1), 673-680, January 1980.
     
  28. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Asymptotic solution for the reflectivity of a very rough  surface," Journal of Applied Physics, 51(1), 681-690, January 1980.
     
  29. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Thermal microwave emission from a three-layer random medium with three-dimensional variations," IEEE Transactions of Geoscience and Remote Sensing, GE-18(2), 212-216, April 1980.
     
  30. M. Zuniga, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Depolarization effects in the active remote sensing of random media," Journal of Applied Physics, 51(5), 2315-2325, May 1980.
     
  31. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Multiple scattering of electromagnetic waves by random distributions of discrete scatterers with coherent potential and quantum mechanical formulism," Journal of Applied Physics, 51(7), 3465-3485, July 1980.
     
  32. S. L. Chuang, L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, and W. C. Chew, "The equivalence of the electric and  magnetic surface current approaches in microstrip antenna studies," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-28(4), 569-571, July 1980.
     
  33. S. L. Chuang, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Radiative transfer theory for passive microwave remote sensing of a two-layer random medium with cylindrical structures," Journal of Applied Physics, 51(11), 5588-5593, November 1980.
     
  34. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Application of strong fluctuation random medium theory to scattering from a vegetation-like half space," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, GE-19(1), 62-69, January 1981.
     
  35. A. Ezzeddine, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Transient fields of a vertical electric dipole over a two-layer nondispersive dielectric," Journal of Applied Physics, 52(3), 1202-1208, March 1981.
     
  36. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Scattering of electromagnetic waves from random media with strong permittivity fluctuations," Radio Science, 16(3), 303-320, May-June 1981.
     
  37. L. Tsang, M. C. Kubacsi, and J. A. Kong, "Radiative transfer theory for active remote sensing of a layer of ellipsoidal scatterers," Radio Science, 16(3), 321-329, May-June 1981.
     
  38. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Multiple scattering of acoustic waves by random distributions of discrete scatterers with the use of quasicrystalline-coherent potential approximation," Journal of Applied Physics, 52(9), 5448-5458, September 1981.
     
  39. A. J. Blanchard, R. W. Newton, L. Tsang, and B. R. Jean, "Volumetric effects in cross polarized airborne radar data," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., GE-20, 36-41, January 1982.
     
  40. A. Ezzeddine, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Time response of a vertical electric dipole over a two-layer medium by the double deformation technique," Journal of Applied Physics, 53(2), 813-822, February 1982.
     
  41. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, and R. W. Newton, "Application of strong fluctuation random medium theory to scattering of electromagnetic waves from a half-space of dielectric mixture," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-30(2), 292-302, March 1982.
     
  42. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, and T. Habashy, "Multiple scattering of acoustic waves by random distribution of discrete spherical scatterers with the quasicrystalline and Percus-Yevick approximation," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 71(3), 552-558, March 1982.
     
  43. L. Tsang, A. J. Blanchard, R. W. Newton, and J. A. Kong, "A simple relation between active and passive microwave remote sensing measurements of earth terrain," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, GE-20(4), 482-485, October 1982.
     
  44. L. Tsang and R. W. Newton, "Microwave emission from soils with rough surfaces," Journal of Geophysical Research, 87(11), 9017-9024, October 1982.
     
  45. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Effective propagation constants for coherent electromagnetic wave propagation in media embedded with dielectric scatterers," Journal of Applied Physics, 53(11), 7162-7173, November 1982.
     
  46. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Scattering of electromagnetic waves from a half space of densely distributed scatterers," Radio Science, 18(6), 1260-1272, November-December 1983.
     
  47. A. K. Chan and L. Tsang, "Propagation of acoustic waves in a fluid-filled  borehole  surrounded by a concentrically layered transversely isotropic formation," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 74(5), 1605-1616, November 1983.
     
  48. L. Tsang and A. Ishimaru, "Backscattering enhancement of random discrete scatterers," Journal of the Optical Society of America, 1(8), 836-839, August 1984.
     
  49. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, and R. T. Shin, "Radiative transfer theory for active remote sensing of a layer of nonspherical particles," Radio Science, 19(2), 629-642, March-April 1984.
     
  50. L. Tsang, "Thermal emission of nonspherical particles," Radio Science, 19(4), 966-974, July-August 1984.
     
  51. L.Tsang, A. K. Chan, and S. Gianzero, "Solution of the fundamental problem in resistivity logging with a hybrid method," Geophysics, 49(10), 1596-1604, October 1984.
     
  52. L. Tsang, "Scattering of electromagnetic waves from a half space of nonspherical particles," Radio Science, 19(6), 1450-1460, Nov-Dec 1984.
     
  53. Y. Kuga, L. Tsang, and A. Ishimaru, "Depolarization effects of the enhanced retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 2(4), 616-618, April 1985.
     
  54. T. M. Habashy, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Quasi-static electromagnetic fields due to dipole antennas in bounded conducting media," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, GE-23(3), 325-333, May 1985.
     
  55. L. Tsang, "Solution of the fundamental problem of transient acoustic propagation in a borehole with the hybrid method," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 77(6), 2024-2032, June 1985.
     
  56. M. Dahleh, R. Nevels, and L. Tsang, "Plane wave diffraction by a dielectric-coated corrugated surface," Journal of Applied Physics, 58(2), 646-650, July 1985.
     
  57. L. Tsang and A. Ishimaru, "Theory of backscattering enhancement of random discrete isotropic scatterers based on the summation of all ladder and cyclical terms," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 2(8), 1331-1338, August 1985.
     
  58. L. Tsang and A. Ishimaru, "Radiative wave and cyclical transfer equations for dense nontenuous media," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 2(12), 2187-2194, December 1985.
     
  59. Y. Kuga, A. Ishimaru, H.-W. Chang, and L. Tsang, "Comparisons between the small-angle approximation and the numerical solution for radiative transfer theory," Applied Optics, 25(21), 3803-3805, 1 November, 1986.
     
  60. L. Tsang and A. Ishimaru, "Radiative wave equations for vector electromagnetic propagation in dense nontenuous media," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 1(1), 59-72, 1987.
     
  61. L Tsang, "Transient acoustic waves in a fluid-filled borehole with a horizontal bed boundary separating two solid formations," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 81(4), 844-853, April 1987.
     
  62. L. Tsang, "Passive remote sensing of dense nontenuous media," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 1(2), 159-173, 1987.
     
  63. L. Tsang, A. Ishimaru, R. P. Porter, and D. Rouseff, "Holography and the inverse source problem. III. Inhomogeneous attenuative media," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 4(9), 1783-1787, September 1987.
     
  64. S. L. Broschat, L. Tsang, A. Ishimaru, and E. I. Thorsos, "A numerical comparison of the phase perturbation technique with the classical field perturbation and Kirchhoff approximations for random rough surface scattering," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 2(1), 85-102, 1988.
     
  65.   A. Ishimaru and L. Tsang, "Backscattering enhancement of random discrete scatterers of moderate sizes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 5(2), 228-236, February 1988.
     
  66.   L. Tsang and S.-L. Chuang, "Improved coupled-mode theory for reciprocal anisotropic waveguides," IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, 6(2), 304-311, February 1988.
     
  67.   L. Tsang, D. Ahn, and S. L. Chuang, "Electric field control of optical second-harmonic generation in a quantum well," Applied Physics Letters, 52(9), 697-699, February 1988.
     
  68. L. Tsang and S. L. Chuang, "Coupled GaAs multiple-quantum-well channel waveguides including quadratic electrooptic effect," IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, 6(6), 832-836, June 1988.
     
  69. K. H. Ding and L. Tsang, "Effective propagation constants of dense nontenuous media with multi-species of particles," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 2(8), 757-777, 1988.
     
  70. D. Rouseff, L. Tsang, and R. P. Porter, "Diffraction tomography by a method of image projections," Ultrasonic Imaging, 10(3), 204-219, 1988.
     
  71. K. H. Ding and L. Tsang, "Effective propagation constants in media with densely distributed dielectric particles of multiple sizes and permittivities," in Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 1, (edited by J. A. Kong), Chp. 3, 241-295, Elsevier, New York, 1989.
     
  72. D. P. Winebrenner, L. Tsang, B. Wen, and R. West, "Sea-ice characterization measurements needed for testing of microwave remote sensing models," IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 14(2), 149-158, April 1989.
     
  73. B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrenner, and A. Ishimaru, "Dense medium radiative transfer theory:  Comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 28(1), 46-59, January 1990.
     
  74. L. Tsang, S.-L. Chuang, and S. M. Lee, "Second-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of a quantum well with an applied electric field," Physical Review B, 41(9), 5942-5951, March 1990.
     
  75. L. Tsang and Y. Jin, "Vector radiative transfer theory in random media," Progress in Physics, (Chinese) 10(1), 57-99, March 1990.
     
  76. C. E. Mandt, L. Tsang, and A. Ishimaru, "Copolarized and depolarized backscattering enhancement of random discrete scatterers of large size based on second-order ladder and cyclical theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am., 7(4), 585-592, April 1990.
     
  77. L. Tsang, K. H. Ding, and B. Wen, "Polarimetric signature of random discrete scatterers based on vector radiative transfer theory. Part I. Nonspherical particles and Part II. Dense media," in Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 3, Polarimetric Remote Sensing, (edited by J. A. Kong), Chp. 2, 75-142, Elsevier, New York, 1990.
     
  78. S. H. Lou, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, and A. Ishimaru, "Monte Carlo simulations of scattering of waves by a random rough surface with the finite element method and the finite difference method," Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 3(5), 150-154, May 1990.
     
  79. L. Tsang and S.-L. Chuang, "Exciton effects on second-order nonlinear susceptibility in a quantum well with an applied electric field," Physical Review B, 42(8), 5229-5239, September 1990.
     
  80. A. Ishimaru, R. J. Marks II, L. Tsang, C. M. Lam, D. Park, and S. Kitamura, "Particle-size distribution determination using optical sensing and neural networks," Optics Letters, 15(21), 1221-1223, November 1990.
     
  81. L. Tsang, "Polarimetric passive microwave remote sensing of random discrete scatterers and rough surfaces," Journal of Electromagetic Waves and Applications, 5(1), 41-57, 1991.
     
  82. L. Tsang and K. H. Ding, "Polarimetric signatures of a layer of random nonspherical discrete scatterers overlying a homogeneous half-space based on first- and second-order vector radiative transfer theory," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 29(2), 242-253, March 1991.
     
  83. K. H. Ding and L. Tsang, "Effective propagation constants and attenuation rates in media of densely distributed coated dielectric particles with size distributions," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 5(2) 117-142, 1991.
     
  84. K. C. Krause, S. H. Lou, L. Tsang, and C. H. Chan, "Application of the finite element method to Monte Carlo simulations of random rough surface scattering with Neumann boundary conditions," Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 4(7), 255-258, June 1991.
     
  85. S. H. Lou, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, and A. Ishimaru, "Application of finite element method to Monte Carlo simulations of scattering of waves by random rough surfaces with the periodic boundary condition," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 5(8), 835-855, 1991.
     
  86. C. H. Chan, S. H. Lou, L. Tsang, and J. A. Kong, "Electromagnetic scattering of waves by random rough surface: A finite-difference time-domain approach," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 4(9), 355-359, August 1991.
     
  87. S. H. Lou, L. Tsang, and C. H. Chan, "Application of finite element method to Monte Carlo simulations of scattering of waves by random rough surfaces: penetrable case," Waves in Random Media, 1(4), 287-307, 1991.
     
  88. L. Tsang, S. H. Lou, and C. H. Chan, "Application of the extended boundary condition method to Monte Carlo simulations of scattering of waves by two-dimensional random rough surfaces," 4(12), 527-531, Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., November 1991.
     
  89. L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, J. A. Kong, and J. Joseph, "Polarimetric signatures of a canopy of dielectric cylinders based on first- and second-order vector radiative transfer theory," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 6(1), 19-51, 1992.
     
  90. K. H. Ding, C. Mandt, L. Tsang, and J. A. Kong, "Monte Carlo simulations of pair distribution functions with multiple sizes in dense discrete random media," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 6(1), 1015-1029, 1992.
     
  91. L. Tsang, C. E. Mandt, and K. H. Ding, "Monte Carlo simulations of the extinction rate of dense media with randomly distributed dielectric spheres based on solution of Maxwell's equations," Optics Letters, 17(5), 314-316, March 1992.
     
  92. L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "Scattering of electromagnetic waves from a dense medium consisting of correlated Mie scatterers with size distributions and applications to dry snow," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 6(3), 265-286, 1992.
     
  93. L. Tsang, C. Chansungsan, and S. L. Chuang, "Adiabatic following solutions for multisubband quantum wells excited by an ultrafast optical pump field," Physical Review B, 45, 11918-11928, May 1992.
     
  94. L. Tsang and S. L. Chuang, "Second-harmonic generation and optical rectification using intrasubband transitions in a biased p-type semiconductor quantum well," Applied Physics Letters, 60, 2543-2545, 1992.
     
  95. C. Mandt, Y. Kuga, L. Tsang, and A. Ishimaru, "Microwave propagation and scattering in a dense distribution of spherical particles: Experiment and theory," Waves in Random Media, 2(3) 225-234, 1992.
     
  96. Z.  Chen and L. Tsang, "Polarimetric signatures of a layer of nonspherical discrete scatterers overlying a homogeneous half-space based on full multiple scattering vector radiative transfer theory," Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 5(10), 520-524, September 1992.
     
  97. L. Tsang, "Dense media radiative transfer theory for dense discrete random media with spherical particles of multiple sizes and permittivities," Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 6, Dielectric Properties of Heterogeneous Materials, Chapter 5, 181-230, ed. by A. Priou, Elsevier, New York, 1992.
     
  98. D. P. Winebrenner, L. Tsang, B. Wen, and R. West, "Sensitivities for two polarimetric backscattering models for sea ice to geophysical parameters," in Direct and Inverse Methods in Radar Polarimetry, Part 2, ed. by W. Boerner, 1191-1212, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1992.
     
  99. A. T. C. Chang  and L. Tsang, "A neural network approach to inversion of snow water equivalent from passive microwave measurements," Nordic Hydrology, 23, 173-182, 1992.
     
  100. Y. Jin and L. Tsang, "Complete polarimetric scattering from a layer of nonuniformly-oriented and nonspherical scatterers," Acta Electronica Sinica, 20(9), 55-61, September 1992 (in Chinese).
     
  101. L. Tsang, Z. Chen, S. Oh, R. J. Marks II, and A. T. C. Chang, "Inversion of snow parameters from passive microwave remote sensing measurements by a neural network trained with a multiple scattering model," IEEE Transactions On Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 30(5), 1015-1024, September 1992.
     
  102. C. Mandt and L. Tsang, "Backscattering enhancement from a random distribution of large discrete spherical scatterers with a size distribution," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 9(12), 2246-2251, December 1992.
     
  103. L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, and H. Sangani, "Banded matrix iterative approach to Monte-Carlo simulations of scattering of waves by large-scale random rough surface problems: TM case," Electronics Letters, 29(2), 166-167, January, 1993.
     
  104. L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, and H. Sangani, "Application of a  banded matrix iterative approach to Monte-Carlo simulations of scattering of waves by random rough surface problems: TM case," Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 6(2), 148-151, February 1993.
     
  105. R. West, L. Tsang, and D. Winebrenner, "Dense medium radiative transfer theory for two scattering layers with a Rayleigh distribution of particle sizes," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 31(2), 426-437, March 1993.
     
  106. K. Pak, L. Tsang, L. Li, and C. H. Chan, "Combined random rough surface and volume scattering based on Monte Carlo simulations of solutions of Maxwell's equations," Radio Science, 28(3), 331-338, May-June 1993.
     
  107. L. Tsang, C. Chan, and K. Pak, "Monte Carlo simulation of a two-dimensional random rough surface using the sparse-matrix flat-surface iterative approach," Electronics Letters, 29(13), 1153-1154, June 1993.
     
  108. D. T. Davis, Z. Chen, L. Tsang, J.-N. Hwang, and A. Chang, "Retrieval of snow parameters by iterative inversion of a neural network," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 31(4), 842-852, July 1993.
     
  109. Z. Chen, L. Tsang, Y. Kuga, and C. H. Chan, "Active polarimetric microwave remote sensing of corn and multi-parametric retrieval of corn parameters with artificial neural network," Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 6, 611-615, 1993.
     
  110. L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, H. Sangani, A. Ishimaru, and P. Phu, "A banded matrix iterative approach to Monte Carlo simulations of large-scale random rough surface scattering: TE case," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 7 (9), 1185-1200, 1993.
     
  111. A. Sengers, L. Tsang, and K. Kuhn, "Optical properties due to intersubband transitions in n-type quantum wells including the effects of the exchange interaction," Physical Review B, 48, 15116-15122, 1993.
     
  112. L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak,  H. Sangani, A. Ishimaru, and P. Phu, "Monte Carlo simulations of large-scale composite random-rough surface scattering based on the banded matrix iterarion approach," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 11 (2), 691-696, February 1994.
     
  113. L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, and K. Pak, "Backscattering enhancement of a two-dimensional random rough surface (three-dimensional scattering) based on Monte Carlo simulations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 11(2), 711-715, February 1994.
     
  114. L. Li, C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, K. Pak, P. Phu, and S. H. Lou, "Monte Carlo simulations and backscattering enhancement of random metallic rough surfaces at optical frequencies," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 8(3), 277-293, 1994.
     
  115. R. West, D. Gibbs, L. Tsang, and A. K. Fung, "Comparison of optical scattering experiments and the quasicrystalline approximation for  dense media," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 11(6), 1854-1858, June 1994.
     
  116. L. Li, C. H. Chan, and L. Tsang, "Numerical simulation of conical diffraction of tapered electromagnetic waves from random rough surfaces and applications to passive remote sensing,'' Radio Science, 29(3), 587-598, May-June 1994.
     
  117. W. Au, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Absorption enhancement of scattering of electromagnetic waves by dielectric cylinder clusters," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 7(10), 454-457, July 1994.
     
  118. C. Chansungsan, L. Tsang, and S. L. Chuang, "Coherent terahertz emission from coupled quantum wells with exciton effects," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 11(12), 2508-2518, December 1994.
     
  119. K. H. Ding, L. Zurk, and L. Tsang "Pair distribution functions and attenuation rates for sticky particles in dense media, Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 8(12), 1585-1604, 1994.
     
  120. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, Z. Chen, K. Pak, and C. Hsu, "Theory of microwave scattering from vegetation on the collective scattering effects of discrete scatterers," in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Land-Atmosphere Interaction, ed. by B.J. Choudhury, Y.H. Kerr, E.G. Njoku, and P. Pampaloni,  pp117-154,  VSP Press, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1995.
     
  121. L. Tsang, D. Davis, R. West, Z. Chen., J.-N. Hwang, and D. Winebrenner, "Passive microwave remote sensing of snow: Scattering in snow based on dense media theory and parametric inversion of snow parameters with an artificial neural network,"  in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Land-Atmosphere Interaction, ed. by B.J. Choudhury, Y.H. Kerr, E.G. Njoku, and P. Pampaloni,  pp295-314,  VSP Press, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1995.
     
  122. L. Tsang and S. L. Chuang, "Intersubband absorption of TE and TM waves in a p-type semiconductor superlattice including the effects of continuum states," IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 31(1) 20-28, January 1995.
     
  123. C. C. Lu, W. C. Chew, and L. Tsang, "The application of recursive aggregate T-matrix algorithm in the Monte Carlo simulations of the extinction rate of random distribution of particles," Radio Science, 30(1), 25-28, January-February 1995.
     
  124. Z. Chen, L. Tsang and G. Zhang, "Scattering of electromagnetic waves by vegetation based on the wave approach and the stochastic Lindenmayer system," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 8(1), 30-33, January 1995.
     
  125. L. Tsang, K. H. Ding, G. Zhang, C. Hsu and J. A. Kong, "Backscattering enhancement and clustering effects of randomly distributed dielectric cylinders overlying a dielectric half space based on Monte Carlo simulations," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 43, pp488-499, 1995.
     
  126. L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak, and H. Sangani, "Monte Carlo simulations of large scale problems of random rough surface scattering and applications to grazing incidence with the BMIA/Canonical Grid Method," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 43, pp851-859, 1995.
     
  127. L. M. Zurk, L. Tsang, K. H. Ding, and D. P. Winebrenner, "Monte Carlo simulations of the extinction rate of densely packed spheres with clustered and non-clustered geometries," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 12, pp1772-1781,  August, 1995.
     
  128. C. H. Chan and L. Tsang, "A Sparse-Matrix Canonical Grid Method for scattering by many scatterers," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 8, No. 2, pp114-118, February 1995.
     
  129. K. Pak, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan and J. Johnson, "Backscattering enhancement of vector electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 12, No. 11, pp 2491-2499, November, 1995.
     
  130. D. Davis, Z. Chen, J. Hwang, L. Tsang and E. Njoku, "Solving inverse problems by Bayesian iterative inversion of a forward model with applications to parameter mapping using SMMR remote sensing data," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 33, No. 5, pp1182-1193, September 1995.
     
  131. W. C. Au, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, and J. A. Kong, "Collective scattering and absorption in microwave interaction with vegetation canopies," Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 14, EMW Publishers, pp 182-231, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1996.
     
  132. Z. Chen, L. Tsang, and G. Zhang, "Application of stochastic Lindenmayer systems to study collective and cluster scattering in microwave remote sensing of vegetation," Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 14, EMW Publishers, pp 233-277, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1996.
     
  133. Richard West, D. P. Winebrenner, L. Tsang, and H. Rott, "Microwave emission from density stratified Antarctic firn at 6 cm. wavelength," Journal of Glaciology, vol. 42, No. 140, pp 63-76, 1996.
     
  134. L. Li, J. Vivekanandan, C. Chan and L. Tsang, "Microwave radiometer technique and retrieval of vapor, liquid and ice.  Part I: Development of a neural based inversion method," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., , vol. 35, Number 2, pp 224-236, March 1997.
     
  135. J. Vivekanandan, L. Li, L. Tsang, and C. Chan, "Microwave radiometer retrieval of vapor, liquid and ice using a three-channel radiometer. Part II: Joint studies of radiometer and radar in winter clouds", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 35, No. 2, pp237-247, March 1997.
     
  136. J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, and Y Kuga, "Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: Comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 44, pp748-756, May, 1996.
     
  137. J. T. Johnson, R.T. Shin, J. Eidson, L. Tsang and J. A. Kong, "A method of moments model for VHF propagation", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 45, No.1, pp115-125, Jan. 1997.
     
  138. L. M. Zurk, L. Tsang and D. P. Winebrenner, "Scattering properties of dense media from Monte Carlo simulations with applications to active remote sensing of snow", Radio Science, vol. 31, pp. 803-819, July-August, 1996.
     
  139. Guifu Zhang, L. Tsang and Zhengxiao Chen, "Collective scattering effects of trees generated by Stochastic Lindenmayer Systems", Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 107-111, 1996.
     
  140. A. Sengers, L. Tsang and S.L. Chuang, "Strain effects on exciton saturation in quantum well optical modulator devices" Journal of Optical society of America, B, vol. 13, No. 12, pp2750-2758, 1996.
     
  141. L. Tsang, Guifu Zhang, and K. Pak, "Detection of a buried object under a single random rough surface with angular correlation function in EM wave scattering", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 11, No. 6, pp300-304, April, 1996.  Corrections: vol.12, No. 6, p. 375, August 20, 1996.
     
  142. L. Tsang, K. Pak, R. Weeks, J. Shi, and H. Rott, "Electromagnetic wave scattering from real life rough surface profiles based on an averaged spectrum", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 12, Number 5, pp258-262,   August 5, 1996
     
  143. L. Zurk, L. Tsang, J Shi, and R.E. Davis, "Electromagnetic scattering calculated from pair distribution functions retrieved from planar snow sections", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 35, pp1419-1429, 1997.
     
  144. G. Zhang, L. Tsang and Y. Kuga, "Studies of angular correlation functions of scattering by random rough surfaces with and without the buried object", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 35 No. 2, pp 444-453, March 1997.
     
  145. J. Johnson, R.T. Shin, J.A. Kong, L. Tsang and K. Pak, "A numerical study of the composite surface model for ocean backscattering", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol 36, No 1, pp 72-83, 1998.
     
  146. A. J. Sengers and L. Tsang, "Valence band mixing and continuum excitons in the excitonic model for coherent terahertz radiation from quantum wells", Journal of Optical society of America, B, vol. 14, No. 5, pp1057-1065, 1997.
     
  147. J. T. Johnson, R. Shin, L. Tsang, K. Pak and J. A. Kong," A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 37, No.1, pp 8-20, 1999. 
     
  148. K. Pak, L. Tsang and J. T. Johnson " Numerical simulations and backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional dielectric random rough surfaces with sparse-matrix canonical grid method", Journal of Optical Society of America, A, vol. 14, pp1515-1529, 1997.
     
  149. L. Wilson, L. Tsang, J-N Hwang, and C.T. Chen, "Mapping snow water equivalent in mountainous areas by combining a spatially distributed snow hydrology model with passive microwave remote sensing data", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 37, No. 2, pp 690-704, 1999.
     
  150. G. Zhang, L. Tsang, and Y. Kuga, "The angular correlation function of wave scattering by a buried object embedded in random discrete scatterers under a random rough surface", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 14, No. 3, pp 144-151, Feb. 20, 1997.
     
  151. G. Zhang, and L. Tsang, "Angular correlation function of wave scattering by a random rough surface and discrete scatterers and its application in the detection of a buried object", Waves in Random Media, vol. 7, pp467-478, 1997.
     
  152. C.H. Chan, L. Tsang and Q. Li, "Monte-Carlo simulations of large scale one-dimensional random rough surface scattering at near grazing incidence: penetrable case", IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 46, pp142-149, 1998.
     
  153. C.H. Chan, C.M. Lin, L. Tsang, and Y.F. Leung, "A sparse-matrix canonical grid method for analyzing microstrip structures", IEICE Transactions on Electronics (Japan), vol. E80-C, No. 11, pp1354-1359, 1997.
     
  154. L. Tsang and Q. Li, "Numerical solution of scattering of waves by lossy dielectric surfaces using a physics-based two-grid method", Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, No. 6, pp356-364, 1997.
     
  155. G. Zhang, L. Tsang, and Y. Kuga, "Numerical studies of the detection of targets embedded in clutter by using angular correlation functions and angular correlation imaging" , Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 17, No. 2, pp82-86, 1998.
     
  156. G. Zhang, and L. Tsang, "Application of angular correlation function of clutter scattering and correlation imaging in target detection", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, pp. 1485-1493,vol. 36,Sept.1998.
     
  157. M. Azadeh, C. Cornish, R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, "Efficient photon echoes in optically thick media" , Physical Review A, vol.57, No. 6, pp4662-4668, 1998.
     
  158. L. Tsang, K. H. Ding, S. E. Shih, and J. A. Kong, "Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Dense Distributions of Spherical Particles Based on Monte Carlo Simulations", Journal of Optical Society of America, vol 15, No. 12, pp.2660-2670, 1998.
     
  159. L. Tsang, "Near-field Radiation from Microstrip Lines" , Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 19,No. 3, pp.176-184,1998.
     
  160. Q. Li, C. H. Chan, and L. Tsang,"Monte Carlo simulations of wave scattering from lossy dielectric random rough surfaces using the Physics based two Grid method and the Canonical Grid method", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 752 -763, April, 1999
     
  161. G. Zhang, L. Tsang, and K. Pak,"Angular correlation function and scattering coefficients of electromagnetic waves scattered by a buried object under a two-dimensional rough surface", Journal of Optical Society of America, A, vol.15,No.12,pp.2995-3002, 1998.
     
  162. L. Tsang, J.H. Cha, and J. R. Thomas, "Electric fields of spatial Green's functions of microstrip structures and applications to the calculations of impedance matrix elements", Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, No. 2, pp.90-97, 1999.
     
  163. L. Tsang and Qin Li, "Microwave Remote Sensing Theory", Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering,Edited by John Webster, Wiley, 1999.
     
  164. C.M. Lin, C.H. Chan and L. Tsang, "Conical Diffraction of Electromagnetic Waves from One-Dimensional Lossy Dielectric Rough Surfaces by Combined Wavelet Transform and Banded-Matrix Iterative Approach/Canonocal Grid Methods", IEEE Transaction on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 2295-2304, Sep, 1999
     
  165. L. Tsang, C.C. Huang and C.H. Chan, "Surface Electric Fields and Spatial Derivatives of Green's Function of Layered Media Based on Half Space Extraction", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 247-253, Feb, 2000
     
  166. L. Tsang, J. H. Cha, C.C. Huang and C. H. Chan, "Surface Electric Fields of Multi-layered Medium Green's Functions and Calculation of Impedance Matrix Elements of Microstrip Structure", IEE Proc. Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol.147, no.3; June 2000; p.179-186
     
  167. L. Tsang, C. T. Chen, A. T. C. Chang, J, Guo and K. H. Ding, "Dense Media Radiative Transfer Theory Based on Quasicrystalline Approximation with Application to Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Snow", Radio Science, Radio-Science. vol.35, no.3;; p.731-49, May-June 2000
     
  168. Q. Li, L. Tsang, J. C. Shi, C. H. Chan, "Application of Physics-based Two-Grid Method and Sparse Matrix Canonical Grid Method for Numerical Simulation of Emissivities of Soils with Rough Surfaces", ", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 38, pp1635-1643, 2000
     
  169. Q. Li, L. Tsang, Kyung Pak, and C. H. Chan, "Bistatic Scattering and Emissivities of Rough Surfaces with the Physics-Based Two-Grid Method in Conjunction with the Sparse Matrix Canonical Grid Method," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 48, No. 1, pp1-11, January 2000
     
  170. S.Q. Li, C.H. Chan, W.B. Wang and L. Tsang, "Backscattering Enhancement of Electromagnetic Waves from Vegetation Canopies," Microwave and Optical Technology Letter, Vol.24, No.5, pp.303-306, March 5, 2000.
     
  171. S.Q. Li, C.H. Chan, W.B. Wang and L. Tsang, "Electromagnetic Scattering from A layer of Periodically Distributed Cylinders," Microwave and Optical Technology Letter, Vol.24, No.6, pp. 367-370, March 20, 2000.
     
  172. S.Q. Li, C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, and C. C. Huang, "Closed-form spatial electric field Green's functions of microstrip structures using the fast Hankel transform and the matrix pencil method," IEE Proc., Pt. H. , vol.147, no.3; June 2000; p.161-166
     
  173. S. Q. Li, C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, Q. Li, and L. Zhou, "Parallel Implementation of the Sparse Matrix/Canonical Grid Method for the Analysis of Two-dimensional Random Rough Surface (Three-dimensional Scattering Problem) on a Beowulf System," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 38, pp1600-1608, 2000
     
  174. H. Braunisch, Y. Zhang, C.O. Ao, S.E. Shih, Y.C. E. Yang, K.H. Ding, J.A. Kong and L. Tsang, "Tapered Wave with Dominant Polarization State for All Angles of Incidence," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. , vol. AP-48, No. 7, pp1086-1096, 2000
     
  175. L. Tsang, C.C. Huang and C.H. Chan, "Surface Electric Fields and Impedance Matrix Elements of Stratified Media," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 48, pp.1533 -1543, Oct. 2000
     
  176. C.T. Chen, B.Nijssen, J. Guo, L. Tsang, A. Wood, J.N. Hwang, D. P. Lettenmaier, "Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Snow Constrained by Hydrological Simulations", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol.39, no.8; p.1744-56; Aug. 2001
     
  177. M.Y. Xia, C.H. Chan, S.Q. Li, J.L. Hu, and L. Tsang, "Wavelets Based Simulations of Electromagnetic Scattering from Large-Scale Two-Dimensional Perfectly Conducting Random Rough Surface", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 39, pp 718 -725, Apr 2001
     
  178. J. Guo, L. Tsang, W. Asher, K.H. Ding, and C.T. Chen, "Applications of Dense Media Radiative Transfer Theory for Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Foam Covered Ocean", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol.39, no.5; p.1019-27, May 2001
     
  179. B. E. Barrowes, C.O. AO, F. L. Teixeira, J. A. Kong, and L. Tsang, "Monte Carlo Simulation of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Dense Random Media with Deilectric Spheroids", IEICE Trans. on Electronics, Vol. E83-c, No. 12, pp. 1797-1802, Dec, 2000
     
  180. L. Zhou, L. Tsang, V. Jandyala and C. Chen, "Studies on Accuracy of Numerical Simulations of Emission from Rough Ocean-like Surfaces", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.39, no.8; p.1757-63, Aug. 2001
     
  181. K.H.Ding, L. Tsang and S.E. Shih, "Monte Carlo Simulation of Particle Positions for Densely Packed Multi-species Sticky Particles", Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 30, pp187-192, 2001
     
  182. Q. Li and L. Tsang, "Wave Scattering from Lossy Dielectric Random Rough Surface using the Physics-Based Two-Grid Method in Conjunction with the Multileve Fast Multipole Method", Radio Science, vol. 36, No 4, p.571-583, July-Aug, 2001
     
  183. S.Q. Li, C.H. Chan, M. Xia, B. Zhang and L. Tsang, "Multilevel Expansion of the Sparse-Matrix Canonical Grid Method for Two-Dimensional Random Surfaces," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 49, p.1579-1581, November 2001.
     
  184. S.Q. Li, Y. Yu, C.H. Chan, K.F. Chan and L. Tsang, "A Sparse-Matrix/Canonical Grid Method for Analyzing Densely Packed Interconnects", IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol.49, no.7; p.1221-8, July 2001.
     
  185. C. Cornish, W. Babbitt and L. Tsang, "Demonstration of Highly Efficient Photon Echoes", Optics-Letters. vol.25, no.17, p.1276-8, September 2000
     
  186. H. Chen, L. Tsang and C.C. Huang, "Effects of Gaps and Bypass Capacitors on Interconnect of PCB with Multi-Layered Geometry", IEE Proc. -Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol.148, no.3; p.167-73; June 2001.
     
  187. M. Y. Xia, C. H. Chan, S. Q. Li, B. Zhang and L. Tsang, "An efficient algorithm for electromagnetic scattering from rough surface using a single integral equation and the sparse-matrix canonical grid method", IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, vol.51, no. 6, p.1142-1149, June 2003
     
  188. S. Q. Li, C. H. Chan, L. Tsang and L. Zhou, "Microwave emission of rough ocean surfaces with full spatial spectrum based on the multilevel expansion method", IEEE Trans. in Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 40, pp574-582, March 2002.
     
  189. L. Tsang, H. Chen, C.C. Huang and V. Jandhyala, “Modeling of multiple scattering among vias in planar waveguides using Foldy-Lax Equations", Microwave and Optical Technology Letter, vol. 31, pp201-208, November 2001
     
  190. J. Guo, L. Tsang, K.H. Ding, A.T.C. Chang and C.T. Chen, "Frequency dependence of scattering by dense media of small particles based on Monte Carlo simulation of Maxwell equations", IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 40, pp. 153-161, Jan. 2002.
     
  191. C. C. Huang, L. Tsang, D. Miller and A. Tripathi, "Comparison of surface electric field and impedance matrix elements of layered media between electric field spatial Green's function and mixed potential," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 34, pp307-313, August 2002.
     
  192. C. C. Huang, L. Tsang and C. H. Chan, "Multiple scattering among vias in lossy planar waveguides using SMCG method," IEEE Trans. Advanced Packaging, vol. 25, pp181-188, May 2002.
     
  193. Q. Li, L. Tsang and H. F. Chen, "Quasi-static parameters, low frequency solutions, and full wave solutions of a single layer via " Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 35, pp34-40, October 2002.
     
  194. Houfei Chen, Qin Li, L. Tsang, C.C. Huang and V. Jandhyala, "Analysis of a large number of vias and differential signaling in multilayered structures," IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Tech., vol. 51, pp818-829, March 2003.
     
  195. L. Tsang, C.J. Ong, C.C. Huang and V. Jandhyala, "Evaluation of the Green's function for the mixed potential integral equation (MPIE) method in the time domain for layered media," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 1559-1571, July 2003.
     
  196. J. Guo, L. Tsang, E. Josberger, A. Wood, J.N. Hwang and D. Lettenmaier, "Mapping the Spatial Distribution and Time Evolution of Snow Water Equivalent with Passive Microwave Measurements," IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 612-621, March 2003.
     
  197. L.Tsang, C. S. Cornish and W. R. Babbitt, "Analytical solutions of the Maxwell-Bloch equations for high photon echo efficiency of multiple pulse sequences," Journal of Optical Society of America, B 20, pp379-390, February 2003.
     
  198. Dong Chen, L. Tsang, L. Zhou, S. C. Reising, W. Asher, L. A. Rose, K. H. Ding and C-T Chen, " Microwave emission and scattering of foam based on Monte Carlo simulations of dense media," IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 41, no. 4, pp782-790, April 2003.
     
  199. J.C. Shi, K.S. Chen, Qin Li, T. Jackson, P. O'Neill, E. G. Njoku and L. Tsang, "A parameterized surface reflectivity model and estimation of bare surface soil moisture with L-band radiometer," IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 40, no. 12, pp2674-2686, December 2002.
     
  200. K. S. Chen, T. D. Wu, L. Tsang, Qin Li, J. C.  Shi and A. K. Fung, "Emission of rough surfaces calculated by the integral equation method with comparison to three-dimensional moment method simulations," IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 41, no. 1, pp90-101, January 2003.
     
  201. C.T. Chen., L. Tsang, J. Guo, A.T.C. Chang, and K. H. Ding, "Frequency dependence of scattering and extinction of dense media based on three-dimensional simulations of Maxwell's equations with applications to snow", IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 41, no. 8, pp1844-1852, August 2003.
     
  202. R. E.Kelly, , A.T.C. Chang, L. Tsang, and J. Foster, "A Prototype AMSR-E Global Snow Area and Snow Depth Algorithm", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 230-242, February 2003.
     
  203. K.H. Ding and L. Tsang, "A Sparse Matrix Iterative Approach for Modeling Tree Scattering", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 198-202, August 2003.
     
  204. C.J. Ong and L. Tsang, "Time domain Green's functions for lossy and dispersive multilayered media", IEEE Microwave and Wireless Component Letters, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 399-401, September 2003.
     
  205. L. Zhou, L. Tsang and D. Chen, "Polarimetric microwave remote sensing of wind vectors with foam covered rough ocean surfaces", Radio Science, vol. 38, no. 4, DOI: 10.1029/2002RS002764, August 2003.
     
  206. J. L. Foster, A.T.C. Chang, L. Tsang, C.T. Chen, D.K. Hall, A.B. Tait, and J.S. Barton, "35 GHz Measurements of carbon dioxide crystals", Radio Science, vol. 38, No. 2, DOI: 10.1029/2001RS002478, April 2003.
     
  207. C. C. Huang, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan and K. H. Ding, "Multiple scattering among vias in planar waveguides using pre-conditioned SMCG method", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 20-28, January 2004.
     
  208. H. F. Chen, C. C. Huang, L. Tsang and Q. Li, "Analysis of via discontinuity", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 290-295, November 2003.
     
  209. J. J. Guo, L. Tsang, A.T.C. Chang, Q. Li, C-C Huang, and K. H. Ding, "Bistatic phase function and fast solution of scattering by 2-dimensional random distributed scatterers", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 313-317, August 2003.
     
  210. L. Tsang, D. Miller, "Coupling of vias in electronic packaging and printed circuit board structures with finite ground plane", IEEE Trans. Advanced Packaging, vol. 26, pp. 375-384, Nov. 2003.
     
  211. P. Xu, K. W. Lam, L. Tsang, and K. L. Lai, "Statistical Distributions of Fields in Urban Environment Based on Monte Carlo Simulations of Maxwell Equations", IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagat. Lett., vol. 3, pp34-37, 2004.
     
  212. L. Tsang, D. Chen, P. Xu, Q. Li, and V. Jandhyala, "Wave scattering with UV multi-level partitioning methed part I: 2D problem of PEC surface scattering", Radio Science, vol. 39, RS5010, 2004.
     
  213. L. Tsang, Q. Li, P. Xu, D. Chen, and V. Jandhyala, "Wave scattering with UV multi-level partitioning methed part II: 3D problem of NON-penetrable surface scattering", Radio science, vol. 39, RS5011, 2004.
     
  214. L. Tsang, and Q. Li, "Wave scattering with UV multilevel partitioning method for volume scattering by discrete scatterers", Microw. Opt. Tech. Lett., vol. 41,  pp. 354-361, June 2004.
     
  215. K. W. Lam, Q. Li, L. Tsang, K. L. Lai, and C. H. Chan, "On the analysis of statistical distributions of UWB signal scattering by random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations of Maxwell equations", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 52, pp. 3200-3206, 2004.
     
  216. L. Zhou, L. Tsang, V. Jandhyala, Qin Li and C. H. Chan, "Emissivity simulations in passive microwave remote sensing with 3-dimensional numerical solutions of Maxwell equations", IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 42, pp. 1739-1748, 2004.
     
  217. Q. Li, M. Y. Xia, L. Tsang, L. Zhou, C. H. Chan and Z. X. Li, "Rough Surface Scattering: Numerical Simulations and Applications in Microwave Remote Sensing", Wiley Encyclopedia on RF and Microwave Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 4549-4584, 2005.
     
  218. K.H. Ding, L. Tsang, and Q. Li, "Computational Electromagnetic Scattering Models for Microwave Remote Sensing", Wiley Encyclopedia on RF and Microwave Engineering, vol. 1, pp. 718-750, 2005.
     
  219. P. Xu and L. Tsang, "Propagation over terrain and urban environment using the multilevel UV method and a hybrid UV/SDFMM method," IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagat. Lett., Volume: 3, pp. 336-339, 2004. [Online], Available: here
     
  220. K. L. Lai, L. Tsang and C.C. Huang, "Spatial domain Green’s functions for planar multi-layered structures," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 44, pp. 86-91, Jan. 5 2005. [Online], Available: here
     
  221. P. Xu, L. Tsang and D. Chen, "Application of the multilevel UV method to calculate microwave absorption and emission of ocean foam with Kelvin’s tetrakaidecahedron structure", Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 45, no. 5, pp 445-450, 2005. [Online], Available: here
     
  222. H. G. Wang, C. H. Chan and L. Tsang, "A new multi-level Green's function interpolation method for large scale low frequency EM simulations," IEEE Trans. CAD of ICs and Systems, pp. 1427-1443, 2005. [Online], Available: here
     
  223. C.C. Huang, K. L. Lai, L. Tsang, X. Gu, and C. J. Ong, “Transmission and scattering on interconnects with via structures,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 446-452, September. 2005. [Online], Available: here
     
  224. P. Xu and L. Tsang, "Scattering by rough surface using a hybrid technique combining the multilevel UV method with the sparse-matrix canonical grid method,” Radio Science, vol. 40, RS4012, 2005.[Online], Available: here
     
  225. H. G. Wang, C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, and V. Jandhyala, “On sampling algorithms in multilevel QR factorization method for magnetoquasistatic analysis of integrated circuits over multilayered lossy substrates,” IEEE Trans. CAD of ICs and Systems, vol. 25, no. 9 pp. 1777-1792, 2006. [Online], Available: here
     
  226. K.L. Lai, L. Tsang and C.J. Ong, "Application of multilevel UV method to analyze large microstrip patch structures," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett., vol.4, pp. 471-474, 2005. [Online], Available: here
     
  227. L. Tsang, X. Gu, and H. Braunisch, "Effects of random rough surface on absorption by conductors at microwave frequencies," IEEE Microw. Wireless Components Lett., vol. 16, pp.221-223, April 2006. [Online], Available: here
     
  228. Z. X. Li, Y.H. Tan, and L. Tsang, "Modeling the passive microwave remote sensing of snow using dense media radiative transfer theory with NMM3D rough surface boundary conditions," Microw. Optical Technology Lett, vol. 48, pp. 557-562, March 2006. [Online], Available: here
     
  229. P. Xu, and L. Tsang, "Bistatic Scattering and Emissivities of Lossy Dielectric Surfaces with Exponential Correlation Functions," IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 45, no 1, pp. 62-72, Jan. 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  230. Y. Lai, Z.Q. Zhang, C.H. Chan, and L. Tsang, "The gap structures and wave functions of two-dimensional quasicrystals for classical waves," Physical Review B, vol.74, 054305, Aug. 2006. [Online], Available: here
     
  231. G.M.Gavaza, Z.X. Yu, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, S. Y. Tong, and M. A. Van Hove, "Efficient calculation of electron diffraction for the structural determination of nanomaterials, " Physical Review Letters, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 055505/1-4, Aug. 2006. [Online], Available: here
     
  232. X. Gu, L. Tsang, H. Braunisch, and P. Xu, "Modeling absorption of rough interface between dielectric and conductive medium," Microw. Optical Technology Lett, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 7-13, Jan. 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  233. C.J. Ong, D. Miller, L. Tsang, B. Wu and C.C. Huang, "Application of the Foldy-Lax multiple scattering method to the analysis of vias in ball grid arrays and interior layers of printed circuit boards,"Microw. Optical Technology Lett., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 225-31, Jan. 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  234. K. K. Tse, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, and K. H. Ding, "Multiple Scattering of Waves by Random Distribution of Particles for Applications in Light Scattering by Metal Nanoparticles," Light Scattering and Nanoscale Roughness, edited by A. Maradudin, Ch. 13, pp. 337-366, Springer, New York, Jan. 2007.
     
  235. K. K. Tse, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. H. Ding and K. W. Leung, "Multiple Scattering of Waves by Dense Random Distribution of Sticky Particles for Applications in Microwave Scattering by Terrestrial Snow," Radio Science, vol. 42, Sept. 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  236. K. S. Chen, L. Tsang, J. C. Shi, and H. C. Huang "Microwave Emission From Two-Dimensional Inhomogeneous Dielectric Rough Surfaces Based on Physics-Based Two-Grid Method," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 67, 181-203, 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  237. L. Tsang, J. Pan, D. Liang, Z. X. Li, D. Cline, and Y. H. Tan, “Modeling active microwave remote sensing of snow using dense media radiative transfer (DMRT) theory with multiple scattering effects,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 990-1004, April 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  238. H. G. Wang, C. H. Chan, L. Tsang, and K. F. Chan, “Mixture effective permittivity simulations using IMLMQRF method on preconditioned EFIE,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, 57, 285–310, 2006. [Online], Available: here
     
  239. L. Tsang, C.J. Ong, and B. Wu, " Electromagnetic fields of Hertzian dipoles in thin-layered media," IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagat. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 537-540, Dec. 2006. [Online], Available: here
     
  240. G. M. Gavaza, Z. X. Yu, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, S. Y. Tong and M. A. Van Hove, " Theory of low-energy electron diffraction for detailed structural determination of nanomaterials: ordered structures," Physical Review B vol. 75, 014114, 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  241. G. M. Gavaza, Z. X. Yu, L. Tsang, C.H. Chan, S. Y. Tong, M. A. Van Hove, " Theory of low-energy electron diffraction for detailed structural determination of nanomaterials: Finite-size and disordered structures," Physical Review B vol. 75 (23), 235403, 2007
     
  242. X. Gu, L. Tsang and H. Braunisch, " Estimation of roughness-induced power absorption from measured surface profile data," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Comp. Lett., vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 486-488, Jul. 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  243. Konstantinos M. Andreadis, Ding Liang, L. Tsang, Dennis P. Lettenmaier and Edward G. Josberger, " Evaluation of a coupled snow hydrology-microwave emission model towards data assimilation of passive microwave radiances using CLPX data," Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 149-164, Feb. 2008. [Online], Available: here
     
  244. X. Gu, L. Tsang and H. Braunisch, " Modeling effects of random rough interface on power absorption between dielectric and conductive medium in 3-D problem," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 511-17, March 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  245. L. Tsang and B. Wu, " Electromagnetic fields of Hertzian dipoles in layered media of moderate thickness including the effects of all modes," IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagat. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 316-319, 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  246. B. Wu, L. Tsang and C.J. Ong, " Fast all modes (FAM) method combined with NMSP for evaluating spatial domain layered medium Green's functions of moderate thickness," Microw. Optical Technology Lett., vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 3112-3118, Dec. 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  247. C.J. Ong, B. Wu, L. Tsang and X. Gu, " Full-wave solver for microstrip trace and through-hole via in layered media, " IEEE Trans. Adv. Pkg., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 292-302, May 2008. [Online], Available: here
     
  248. B. Wu and L. Tsang, " Fast computation of layered medium Green's functions of multilayers and lossy media using fast all-modes method and numerical modified steepest descent path method, " IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 1446-1454, June 2008. [Online], Available: here
     
  249. L. Ding, X. Xu, L. Tsang, K. M. Andreadis and E. G. Josberger, " Multi-layer Effects in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Dry Snow Using Dense Media Radiative Transfer Theory (DMRT) Based on Quasicrystalline, " IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 3663-3671, Novermber 2008. 2008. [Online], Available: here
     
  250. B. Wu and L. Tsang, " Modeling multiple vias with arbitrary shape of antipads and pads in high speed interconnect circuits, " IEEE Microwave and Wireless Comp. Lett, , vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 12-14, 2009. [Online], Available: here
     
  251. J. Q. Bagley, B. Wu and L. Tsang, " Electromagnetic fields of Hertzian dipoles in layered negative refractive index materials, " IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagat. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 749-752, 2008. [Online], Available: here
     
  252. Y. Lai, Z. Q. Zhang, C. H. Chan and L. Tsang, " Anomalous properties of the band-edge states in large two-dimensional photonic quasicrystals, " Physical Review B, vol. 76, 165132, 2007. [Online], Available: here
     
  253. L. Tsang, P. Xu and K. S. Chen, " Third and Fourth Stokes Parameters in Polarimetric Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Rough Surfaces over Layered Media, " Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 3063-3069, Dec. 2008. [Online], Available: here
     
  254. C.J. Ong and L. Tsang, " Full-Wave Analysis of Large-Scale Interconnects Using the Multilevel UV Method With the Sparse Matrix Iterative Approach (SMIA), " IEEE Trans. Adv. Pkg., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 818-829, Nov 2008. [Online], Available: here
     
  255. R. Ding, L. Tsang, and, H. Braunisch, " Wave Propagation in a Randomly Rough Parallel Plate Waveguide," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 1216-1223, May 2009. [Online], Available: here
     
  256. B. Wu and L. Tsang, " Signal integrity analysis of package and printed circuit board with multiple vias in substrate of layered dielectrics," IEEE Trans. Advanced Packaging, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 510-516, May 2010. [Online], Available: here
     
  257. D. Liang, P. Xu, L. Tsang, Z. Gui, and K.-S. Chen, " Electromagnetic Scattering by Rough Surfaces with Large Heights and Slopes with Applications to Microwave Remote Sensing of Rough Surface Over Layered Media," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 95, pp. 199-218, 2009. [Online], Available: here
     
  258. B. Wu and L. Tsang, "Full-wave modeling of multiple vias using differential signaling and shared antipad in multilayered high speed vertical interconnects," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 97, pp. 129-139, 2009. [Online], Available: here
     
  259. J. Q. Bagley, B. Wu, and L. Tsang, " Electromagnetic fields and modal excitations on a thin silver film, " J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2362-2367, Oct. 2009. [Online], Available: here
     
  260. X. Xu, D. Liang, L. Tsang, K.M. Andreadis, E. G. Josberger, D. P. Lettenmaier, D. W. Cline and S. Yueh, "Active Remote Sensing of Snow using NMM3D/DMRT and Comparison with CLPX II airborne data, " IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, special issue on: Microwave Remote Sensing for Land Hydrology Research and Applications., vol.3, no.4, pp 689-697, Dec, 2010 [Online], Available: here
     
  261. K.H. Ding, X.Xu, and L. Tsang, " Electromagnetic Scattering by Bicontinuous Random Microstructures with Discrete Permittivities, " IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol.48, no.8, pp.3139-3151, Aug. 2010. [Online], Available: here
     
  262. S. Huang, L. Tsang, E. G. Njoku, and K.S. Chen, " Backscattering Coefficients, Coherent Reflectivities, and Emissivities of Randomly Rough Soil Surfaces at L-Band for SMAP Applications Based on Numerical Solutions of Maxwell Equations in Three-Dimensional Simulations, " IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. , vol.48, no.6, pp.2557-2568, June 2010 [Online], Available: here
     
  263. D. Entekhabi, E.G. Njoku, P.E. O'Neill, K.H. Kellogg, W.T. Crow, W.N. Edelstein, J.K. Entin, S.D. Goodman, T.J. Jackson, J. Johnson, J. Kimball, J.R. Piepmeier, R.D. Koster, N. Martin, K.C. McDonald, M. Moghaddam, S. Moran, R. Reichle, J.C. Shi, M.W. Spencer, S.W. Thurman, L. Tsang, and J. Van Zyl,, " The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission, " Proceedings of the IEEE , vol.98, no.5, pp.704-716, May 2010 [Online], Available: here
     
  264. P. Xu, K.S. Chen , L. Tsang and H. W. Lee, " Analysis of microwave emission of Exponentially Correlated Rough Soil Surfaces from 1.4 GHz to 36.5 GHz, " Progress in Electromagnetic Research, , 108, page 205-219, 2010 [Online], Available: here
     
  265. L. Tsang, H. Braunisch, R Ding and X Gu, " Random Rough Surface Effects on Wave Propagation in Interconnects, " IEEE Trans. Adv. Pkg., , vol.33, no.4, pp. 839-856, Nov. 2010 [Online], Available: here
     
  266. B. Wu, X. Gu, L. Tsang and M. B. Ritter, " Electromagnetic Modeling of Massively Coupled Through Silicon Vias for 3-D Interconnects, " Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., , vol.53, no.6, pp. 1204-1206, Jun. 2011 [Online], Available: here
     
  267. R. Ding, L. Tsang, and, H. Braunisch, " Random Rough Surface Effects in Waveguides Using Mode Matching Technique and Method of Moments, " IEEE Trans on Components Packaging and Manufacturing Technology.,vol. 2, pp. 140-148 , Jan. 2012.
     
  268. J. Q. Bagley, L. Tsang, K.H. Ding, and A. Ishimaru, " Optical transmission through a plasmon film lens with small roughness: Enhanced spatial resolution of images of single source and multiple sources, " J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 1766-1777, 2011. [Online], Available: here
     
  269. H. Wang, J. Q. Bagley, L. Tsang, S. Huang, K H Ding and A. Ishimaru, " Image enhancement for flat and rough film plasmon superlenses by adding loss, " J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2499-2509, 2011. [Online], Available: here
     
  270. S. B. Kim, L. Tsang, J.T. Johnson, S. Huang, J.J. vanZyl, and E.G. Njoku, " Soil moisture retrieval using time series radar observations over bare surfaces, " IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. , vol. 50, pp. 1853-1863 , 2012.
     
  271. S. Huang, H. Wang, K. -H. Ding, and L. Tsang, " Subwavelength Imaging Enhancement through 3-Dimensional Plasmon Superlens with Rough Surface, " Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp1295-1297, April 2012
     
  272. X. Xu., L. Tsang, and S. Yueh, " Electromagnetic Models of Co/Cross Polarization of Bicontinuous/DMRT in Radar Remote Sensing of Terrestrial Snow at X- and Ku-band for CoReH2O and SCLP Applications, " IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 5, pp. 1024-1032, 2012
     
  273. S. Huang, and L. Tsang, " Electromagnetic scattering of randomly rough soil surfaces based on numerical solutions of Maxwell equations in 3 dimensional simulations using a hybrid UV/PBTG/SMCG method, " IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 50, pp. 4025-4035 , 2012
     
  274. P. Xu, L. Tsang and K.S. Chen, " Fourth Stokes Parameter in Polarimetric Passive Remote Sensing from Two-layer Rough Surfaces, " Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 129, pp. 125-141 , 2012
     
  275. H G Wang, L. Tsang and S. Huang, " The Loss and back-Coupling Effects on the Images of the Three Dimensional Superlens, " Optics Letters, vol. 37, pp. 2262-2264 , 2012
     
  276. R. Ding, L. Tsang, H. Braunisch, and W Chang, " Wave propagation in parallel plate metallic waveguide with finite conductivity and three dimensional roughness, " IEEE Trans. Antenna and Propag, vol. 60, pp. 5867-5880 , 2012
     
  277. L. Tsang, K.H. Ding, S. Huang, and X. Xu, " Electromagnetic Computation in Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves by Random Rough Surface and Dense Media in Microwave Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces, " Proceedings of IEEE, vol. 101, pp. 255-279 , 2013
     
  278. L. Tsang and X. Chang, " Modeling of Vias Sharing the Same Antipad in Planar Waveguide with Boundary Integral Equation and Group T Matrix Method, " IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 3, pp. 315-327 , 2013
     
  279. W. Chang and L. Tsang, " A partial coherent physical model of third and fourth stokes parameters of sastrugi snow surfaces over layered media with rough surface boundary conditions of conical scattering combined with vector radiative transfer theory, " Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 45, pp. 57-82 , 2012
     
  280. S.B. Kim, M. Moghaddam, L. Tsang , M. Burgin, X. Xu and E.G. Njoku, " Models of L-band radar backscattering coefficients over the global terrain for soil moisture " IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 52, pp. 1381-1396, 2014
     
  281. L. Tsang, I. Koh, T.H. Liao, S. Huang, X. Xu, E G Njoku and Y. Kerr, " Active and Passive Vegetated Surface Models with Rough Surface Boundary Conditions from NMM3D " IEEE Journal os Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing(JSTARS), vol. 6, pp. 1698-1709 , 2013
     
  282. X. Chang, and L. Tsang, " Fast and Broadband Modeling Method for Multiple Vias with Irregular Antipad in Arbitrarily Shaped Power/Ground Planes in 3D IC and Packaging Based on Generalized Foldy-Lax Equations " IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, in press 2014
     
  283. J D.Ouellette, J T. Johnson, S. B. Kim, J J. Van Zyl, M. Spencer, M. Moghaddam, L. Tsang, and D. Entekhabi, " A Study of Compact Polarimetry for Radar Retrieval of Soil Moisture " IEEE Transactions on Geosceince and Remote Sensing, in press 2014
     
  284. KC Jezek, JT Johnson, MR Drinkwater, G Macelloni , L. Tsang, M. Aksoy, and M. Durand, " Radiometric Approach for Estimating Relative Changes in Intra-Glacier Average Temperature " submitted to IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
     
  285. K.S. Chen, L. Tsang, K. L. Chen, T. H. Liao, and J.S. Lee, " Polarimetric simulations of SAR at L-band over Bare Soil using Scattering Matrices of Random Rough Surfaces from Numerical 3D Solutions of Maxwell Equations " IEEE Transactions on Geosceince and Remote Sensing, in press 2014
     

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